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The cluster focuses on security challenges that are not considered mainstream. The methods and tools employed to address non-traditional security challenges are evolving. It includes within its fold unconventional thinking and it challenges orthodox understandings. The 21st century presents new paradigms to security. Politico-military threats have been joined by security issues relating to energy, water, food, environment, and climate change. Accordingly, the focus areas of the cluster have been energy, water, environment and climate change.

Projects Recently Concluded
In 2008, a working group presented its report in a national workshop on security implications of climate change for India. Experts presented papers on renewable energy, climate change and foreign policy, and the role of the military in environment.

Current Projects
A Task Force on water security has been formed to revisit all internal and external facets related to water. Experts are also focused on WTO, energy, and climate change and the geopolitics of climate change.


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Re-calibrating Iran-India Energy Ties

November 10, 2015
Re-calibrating Iran-India Energy Ties

India needs to capitalise on the emerging Iranian gas supply market and the current low price scenario, before rival consumers snap up Iranian exports or prices go up. Developing broader relations that entail incorporating gas supplies from Iran would give India greater leverage at a time when other countries in South Asia are emerging as key gas importers.

Dams as a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy: Geopolitical Implications for Pakistan

November 2015

Pakistani planners are increasingly prone to recognize the many links between water, food, and energy security. The construction of new large dams is seen by many as a concrete measure to achieve resource security for Pakistani for a future marked by climactic variability and unpredictability. This article explores the geopolitical and political geographic implications of Pakistan’s strategic vision of building dams as a way to prepare for climate change.

Where Hawks Dwell on Water and Bankers Build Power Poles: Transboundary Waters, Environmental Security and the Frontiers of Neo-liberalism

November 2015

Hydropower development clearly has a significant role to play in the closer integration of different parts of the Himalayas and in facilitating downstream benefits throughout South Asia. However, the neo-liberal approach to infrastructure-led growth frequently overlooks the significant social, economic and political issues associated with this model of development in the region. Furthermore, the ongoing securitisation of water constrains the terms of debate under the guise of a unified national interest and enables large-scale dams to be constructed without due process.

Nations without Borders: Climate Security and the South in the Epoch of the Anthropocene

November 2015

The standard narrative on modern geopolitics is being re-scripted. Previous ingredients that made up the literature on high politics such as securing resources, rivalries over the control of territory and war plans are increasingly being replaced instead by concerns about the ‘mundane’ politics of global energy plans, food systems, infrastructure and city design. Meaningful geopolitics in the time of climate change, in other words, would now have to grapple with the inescapable urgency for sustaining key ecological, biological and atmospheric indicators at the planetary level.

India a Credible Actor on Climate Change

September 03, 2015
India a Credible Actor on Climate Change

Often criticised as an obstructionist or stubborn negotiator, India now holds considerable credibility as a leader when it comes to climate change related pledges.