RESEARCH CENTRE

Internal Security

Insurgency and terrorism are not new to India. Threats are manifold and come from divergent militant outfits. Their demands include greater regional autonomy, independence, the overthrow of the “bourgeoisie”, and dismantling the democratic structure of the Indian polity. The cluster’s research efforts are focused on insurgencies in the Northeast, Maoist (Naxalism) violence, management of India’s borders, coastal security and trends in global terrorism.

Current projects being pursued by the cluster include:

  • “Naxalism: Surrender and Rehabilitation Policies of the Government
  • Review of India-Pakistan Confidence Building Measures
  • Challenges of Border Management
  • Study on Illegal Migration in the Northeast
  • Understanding the Student Islamic Movement of India

The cluster is also involved in various training programmes organized at the Institute for senior Military Officers, Foreign Service probationers, and officers of the Indian Police Service.

Click here for papers and briefs on Terrorism and Internal Security

Click here for articles on Terrorism and Internal Security from our bi-monthly journal Strategic Analysis.

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Implications of India`s Services Voters

April 9, 2014

India has had a healthy tradition of the armed forces personnel being apolitical while being allowed to exercise their democratic right of voting in the electoral process. While the state police and central police and para-military units have been in the front tier of security network during the elections, the armed forces have discharged a crucial auxiliary-cum-supportive role.

Chittagong Tribunal Verdict and its Implications

April 3, 2014

The verdict exposes a conspiracy to destabilise India’s restive North Eastern region. According to the charge-sheet, all the arms and ammunition were manufactured by Chinese firm NORINCO and the funds had been procured from Pakistan. Contrary to the BNP policy of promoting cross-border terrorism, the current Awami League (AL) government has demonstrated its zero-tolerance towards militancy through the recent verdict.

Examining the Maoists' attacks in Jeeram Ghati

March 27, 2014

Jeeram Ghati area is part of the Maoist's annual Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign. 2014 is a significant year on two counts: one, it is the tenth year of formation of CPI (Maoist) that requires a show of its strength and lethal prowess, and two, that general elections, scheduled in April-May, need to be disrupted. It, therefore, does pose a serious challenge to the security forces in the immediate future.

Need for action plan to counter KLO

February 28, 2014

The recent violent incidents carried out by the Kamtapur Liberation Organisation (KLO) in the sensitive eastern and north-eastern parts India have serious security implications. Conscious intervention of the centre in concert with the state governments of West Bengal and Assam and even Sikkim, as well as with cooperation of the Bhutan government is required at the earliest.

Maoist Finances: Sources, Methods of Collection and Utilization

February 17, 2014

Citing IDSA Report, the Minister of State for Home Affairs, RSN Singh said in the Rajya Sabha recently that “…the CPI(Maoist) party has been collecting not less than Rs 140 crores annually from a variety of sources. Further, the possibility of certain front organizations of the CPI (Maoist) … clandestinely getting foreign funds cannot be ruled out.”

Drugs and the Golden Triangle: Renewed Concerns for Northeast India

February 10, 2014

India’s security strategy for the economic corridors and connectivity will have to entail water tight anti-drugs control measures and mechanisms to snuff out the possibilities of surges in narcotics trafficking that may result from better connectivity and established networks of peoples across the region.

Army's Ingenious Frontier Diplomacy

February 5, 2014

To reshape public confidence further, the Union Home Ministry should quickly address the long festering issue of redeploying at least one regiment of the sashastra seema bal (SSB) in Ladakh. Initially raised as Special Service Bureau in the 1960s, SSB effectively involved natives for building a second line of defence against adversaries.

Maoists Look for Safe Sanctuaries and External Support

January 27, 2014

The CPI (Maoist) is fully aware that a movement of this magnitude cannot sustain on its own for long without any external support; be it in terms of funding, weaponry, training, refuge or ideological support. Given India’s geopolitical location, it would come as no surprise if the CPI (Maoist), through its aggressive efforts, is able to garner substantive resources for its disposal.

Internal Security Trends in 2013 and a Prognosis

January 24, 2014

The internal security situation in India reflected a marked improvement in 2012-2013 relative to previous years. This Issue Brief offers an assessment of the major trends in 2013 for Jammu and Kashmir, the land borders of India, Naxalism, the Northeast, terrorism and radicalism in India. It also offers a prognosis for the year ahead.

Malkangiri: The Tri-junction under Maoist Fire

January 23, 2014

Compared to the worst Maoists-affected state of Odisha, in the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, the level of violence has come down substantially. In the coming years, Malkangiri and other south-western border districts of Odisha will continue to bleed because of the Maoist quest for safe havens in these districts during hot pursuit by the Chhattisgarh police.

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