Military Affairs

Centre for Military Affairs comprises of a mix of serving officers of the Indian Armed Forces and civilian experts. The Centre adopts an inter-disciplinary approach to various issues that impinge upon India's national security in general and the armed forces in particular. Its research focus is on issues that impact upon national security and capacity-building of the Indian armed forces. Specific areas of focus include, emerging contemporary challenges in warfare, jointness, defence co-operation, maritime security, and military training needs. In addition, the cluster also addresses China- and Pakistan-related issues with bearing on their interface with Indian security. The centre closely interacts with military establishments in India and abroad and contributes to the policy making by conducting research in areas of military significance.

Current focus areas are:

  • Out Of Area Contingency Operations
  • Defence Diplomacy
  • Defence Budget
  • Defence Acquisition and Quality Assurance
  • Transformation of the Indian armed forces
  • Defence Co-operation initiatives by the Armed Forces
  • Uses of Military Power in the Indian-Pakistan Context
  • PLA Modernization and Implications for India
  • Civil-Military Relations
  • Counterinsurgency Operations
  • Higher Defence management
  • Joint Logistics


Deputy Director General Research Fellow Research Fellow Research Fellow Research Fellow
Rajneesh Singh
Research Fellow Research Fellow OSD Outreach & Research Analyst Research Assistant  

Implications of India`s Services Voters

April 9, 2014

India has had a healthy tradition of the armed forces personnel being apolitical while being allowed to exercise their democratic right of voting in the electoral process. While the state police and central police and para-military units have been in the front tier of security network during the elections, the armed forces have discharged a crucial auxiliary-cum-supportive role.

Stealth Technology and its Effect on Aerial Warfare

In aerial warfare technology has progressed rapidly from the frail and flimsy machines seen in the air in the first half of the twentieth century. This monograph attempts to commence task of explaining stealth technology, looking at possible counters to stealth and discussing the ways in which stealth technology changes the conduct of aerial warfare.

Modernising the Army’s Tactical-level Communications Systems

February 14, 2014

The new optical fibre network being laid as an alternative to the 3G spectrum surrendered by the armed forces will go a long way in providing modern land-line communications in peace stations and to limited extent up to the war-time locations of higher formation HQ.

What is choking the Indian defence budget?

February 14, 2014

Projecting a demand which cannot be met is as pointless as allocating budget that is barely sufficient to sustain the armed forces and other departments of the MoD. The persistent neglect of this aspect of defence management is taking its toll not only on the stock of ammunition held by the armed forces, notably the Army, but also on serviceability levels of the equipment.

Army's Ingenious Frontier Diplomacy

February 5, 2014

To reshape public confidence further, the Union Home Ministry should quickly address the long festering issue of redeploying at least one regiment of the sashastra seema bal (SSB) in Ladakh. Initially raised as Special Service Bureau in the 1960s, SSB effectively involved natives for building a second line of defence against adversaries.

Arthasastra: Lesson for the Contemporary Security Environment with South Asia as a Case Study

In this monograph, the Arthasastra framework is used for examination of dynamics of fragility in South Asia, with a case study of Pakistan. The insights into human policy choices which can be gleaned from the treatise have a timeless quality that can offer a fresh perspective to today’s policy makers. It can be open to further academic investigation and debate for developing and enriching an indigenous strategic vocabulary.

INS Vikramaditya – Deployment Options for India

January 21, 2014

With the INS Vikramaditya’s arrival in India, it is time to undertake a dispassionate assessment of the ship’s possible uses and deployment options. The Indian navy would be well served if it considered employing the ship in a ‘soft power projection’ role – as a versatile asset to be used in diplomacy and regional outreach, disaster relief and humanitarian missions.

Revenue Procurement Practices in the Indian Army

This monograph examines some aspects of the Indian Army’s revenue procurement practices. It discusses the peculiarities of these practices in the Indian defence and security setup, relating it to the contemporary risk scenario. This study draws attention to the corresponding trends in the private or commercial sector.

Permanent Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee: Should the appointment be delayed further?

January 2, 2014

Though the general elections are due this year, the need of the hour is to build a political consensus on the issue without further delay. It will be to the credit of the government if it is able to generate political consensus and appoint a Permanent Chairman CoSC or CDS.

Delegation of Powers to the Armed Forces in a Time Warp

December 26, 2013

MoD, according to news reports, has instructed the Army HQ that its permission will need to be taken before changing the structure or role of the units in future. This could easily be interpreted to mean that there are no existing instructions on such vital issues. But such an impression would be wrong.

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