Biological Weapons

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  • The BWC Review: Issues and Challenges

    The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction usually referred to as the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), or Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) is the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of weapons, entering into force in 1975. The Eighth BWC Review Conference was recently held at Geneva from November 7-25, 2016, Unfortunately, it appears to have flattened for the lack of consensus among the member-states until the next conference in 2021.

    July-December 2016

    Preparations for the Eighth Review Conference to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention

    The States Parties to the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention are preparing for the Eighth Review Conference in November. Their focus remains on institutional capacity and exchange of views and information, rather than on possible specific compliance concerns. Consultations and proposals are reviewed. Treaty norms and appropriate capacity must be maintained.

    January - June 2016

    MERS: A New Virus Challenge

    MERS: A New Virus Challenge

    East and Southeast Asia are known to get affected by various diseases routinely. Particularly, various waterborne and other diseases likely malaria and dengue fever commonly affect the regions. There is a concern that global warming may translate into explosive growth of mosquito-borne diseases. In addition to this, growing number of natural disasters are found escalating the health related challenges. All this eventually poses a threat to health, economic and human security.

    July 01, 2015

    China’s Biological Warfare Programme: An Integrative Study with Special Reference to Biological Weapons Capabilities

    This study attempts to profile China’s biological warfare programme (BWP), with special reference to biological weapons (BW) capabilities that exist in facilities affiliated with the defence establishment and the military. For that purpose, a wide variety of facilities affiliated with the defence establishment and with the military are reviewed and profiled. The outcome of that analysis points at 12 facilities affiliated with the defence establishment, plus 30 facilities affiliated with the PLA, that are involved in research, development, production, testing or storage of BW.

    April 2015

    Pakistan and Biological Weapons

    Pakistan is a state party to the Biological Weapons Convention, yet at least part of its related outward conduct is rather exhibitory, aiming to foster the image of an obedient, sheer science- and protection-oriented profile. Although it is publicly accentuated that an ongoing Pakistani biological weapons (BW) programme cannot be proved, it is fairly clear that some Western intelligence agencies possess classified information that is highly supportive of such an active programme taking place in actuality.

    Global Health Security for Collaborative Countering of Bio-threat Agents and Infectious Diseases

    In the post globalisation era, countries around the globe have teamed up to cooperate on various issues which include issues related to environment security to maritime security. However there have been very very few steps develop global health security. Most of the national support to this issue is limited only to contributing miniscule amount of money to WHO by developed and developing countries and handling it as a part counter-insurgency strategy. As a result, health security has been limited to a national issue.

    The Existing Biological Threat: Evaluating the Seventh Review Conference of the BTWC

    The Existing Biological Threat: Evaluating the Seventh Review Conference of the BTWC

    Bio terrorism is emerging more as possibility in the 21st century not only because of the changing nature of terrorism but also because of rapid growth in life sciences. These developments have been a concern for the BWC regime. In this backdrop the paper discusses the 7th Review Conference which was concluded in December 2011.

    Biological agents: Uncontrolled entry of exotic pathogens a major dent for Indian economy and security

    During and after World War II, various kinds of biological agents were weaponised. These included anthrax causing bacilli, vibrio cholera, and burkhalderia species against livestock, among others. All the countries that are signatory to the BWC have destroyed stockpiles of biological warfare agents. Small quantities of samples are still available with some of developed countries for the purpose of developing vaccines and detection technologies in case of future outbreaks.

    Biological Weapons Export Controls in India

    India’s growing biotechnology industry is a subject of discussions all over the world. There are several Indian companies and laboratories which have come up against heavy odds and are known as world class. In the coming years, the Indian biotech industry is going to become very active in the world market. Its top companies are allocating substantial resources in the Research & Development sector.

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