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  • Somali Piracy: A Form of Economic Terrorism

    Piracy over the years has been driven by geography, political instability and the availability of safe havens. Apart from these established factors, economics too play a role. This article reviews and examines Somali piracy, which has flourished due to the international community ignoring the growing instability in Somalia, the rampant illegal fishing and toxic waste dumping. It examines the international response, the legal and economic factors and advocates that piracy be viewed as a form of economic terrorism and be combatted as such, as well as by land-based operations.

    March 2012

    The Non-Aligned Movement and Nuclear Security

    Despite not taking a stand on nuclear security or nuclear terrorism, the NAM appears determined to adopt key elements of nuclear security.

    March 16, 2012

    Sticky Bomb Creates A Sticky Situation For India

    India will have to take a call on whether the pivotal position of Iran for reaching Afghanistan and Central Asia outweighs the benefits India derives from its relationship with the West and the Arab world.

    February 17, 2012

    Terror Changes Its Spots

    The 13/2 terrorist attack against the Israeli diplomat exposes India to the possibility of a more potent and professional group, which may have already raised the capability levels of indigenous terror cells and created a threat which is both real and potent.

    February 14, 2012

    Amit Kushwaha asked: Is employment of UAVs / UCAVs instead of manned aircrafts a better option for combating insurgency and terrorism in India?

    Vivek Chadha replies: India follows the principle of minimum force during combating insurgency and terrorism. With this as the backdrop, the employment of aircraft for offensive roles is ruled out given the possibility of collateral damage and escalation involved. It is only helicopters which are used for logistics (supply) and casualty evacuation in our context, and at times for movement of forces to ensure better mobility and flexibility. Therefore, while UAVs and UCAVs may not have a direct replacement role vis-à-vis aircraft, however, they can certainly be used for surveillance and tracking purposes. This would help conduct clinical and hard intelligence based operations which are in the spirit of India's counter-insurgency doctrine. Their employment for precision and guided strikes is not relevant in the Indian context, as it is against the very ethos of minimum force - a fundamental principle followed scrupulously.

    2011: A Strategic Survey

    The year 2011 will stand out in history as the year of the Arab Spring, when people in Northern Africa and West Asia rose up against tyranny and revolted for political emancipation.

    January 04, 2012

    India’s Internal Security: The Year That Was, The Year That May Be

    India’s internal security situation in 2011 was relatively better than in previous years. To ensure that 2012 also turns out to be a quiet and secure year, New Delhi not only has to consolidate the gains made in 2011 but also undertake new initiatives to address these gaps.

    December 13, 2011

    Syed Waseem Pasha asked: In the Indian context, how can human intelligence and technical intelligence be used in combating terrorism?

    Amit Kumar replies: Human Intelligence or HUMINT, refers to intelligence gathering by means of interpersonal contact with its emphasis on human beings, as opposed to the more technical intelligence gathering involving SIGINT (Signals intelligence), IMINT (Imagery Intelligence) and MASINT (Measurement and signature intelligence). Together these can play a very important role in combating terrorism.

    Terrorist activities in India are carried out by modules that consist of local youth, often supported by external actors. HUMINT is crucial in gathering information about these modules. However, since these are largely loosely structured organizations, there is scope for the police to sneak into their set up. Through increased use of police, particularly beat-level policing, police can gather enough information about these outfits. Thus, unlike NIA or other agencies that take actions once an incident has occurred, HUMINT can prevent the very happening of the same. The beat constable, who knows every household in his limited area of responsibility, should be the pivot of the entire police system, which is at the forefront of fighting the menace of terrorism. So we must strengthen beat policing to overcome our serious inability in the sphere of intelligence gathering and then take suitable measures to augment intelligence sharing. Since our police are still not technically qualified, HUMINT becomes more crucial to them as compared to the military, which is technically more qualified and can take adequate care of threats emanating from across the borders using TECHINT for its purposes. Also, technical intelligence will prove more useful for the military and paramilitary than the police. So through a combined use of these two intelligence mechanisms, we can be more effective in countering terrorism.

    The Terror Challenge In South Asia and Prospect of Regional Cooperation

    The Terror Challenge In South Asia and Prospect of Regional Cooperation
    • Publisher: Pentagon Security International

    This book is an attempt to study the problem of terrorism in South Asia, which has often been perceived as its hub. The contributors to the volume belonging to South Asian region have provided valuable insights on the issue of terrorism and have also suggested measures to deal with the problem. They consider terrorism as a phenomenon that has been harmful to society, economy and polity of the South Asian nations. At the same time, they also point out that there should not be over-emphasis on the use of force. In fact, a calibrated use of force is likely to be more effective.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-599-5 ,
    • Price: ₹. 695/-
    • E-copy available

    The Maoist-Business Nexus

    While businesses, especially industries, face a real dilemma, the long-term solution is the isolation of the Maoists by winning over the local people through projects that benefit local communities.

    October 03, 2011