India-Pakistan Relations

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  • Samarpan Samajdar asked: What should be the long-term approach of Indian foreign policy towards Pakistan? Can social constructivism be a viable alternative?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: Indian policy towards Pakistan is based on principles of sovereign equality and bilateralism. India has, on a number of occasions, conveyed its desire to discuss all outstanding issues in a comprehensive manner at the bilateral level and resolve them through meaningful dialogue. It is Pakistan’s obsession with the Kashmir issue and its insistence that it should be resolved as per UN resolutions that has derailed the process of dialogue, time and again.

    India’s Changed Approach to Kashmir Settlement

    If India-Pakistan dialogue does resume, India is unlikely to return to the Manmohan-Musharraf framework of negotiations because of the Modi government’s commitment to regain Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir.

    March 30, 2021

    India-Pakistan LoC Ceasefire Decision: A Thaw in Sight?

    Even as the India-Pakistan ceasefire decision on the LoC is in effect, India has affirmed that there would not be any let-up in its counter-terrorism efforts.

    March 12, 2021

    Akhila Naidu asked: What is the impact of climate change on India-Pakistan relations?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: India and Pakistan do not have any bilateral mechanism to deal with climate change issues, although both have pledged to be part of the evolving global consensus on the need to address the issues associated with climate change.

    Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Weapons (NCBW) in India & Pakistan Equation: Past & Present

    Relations between India and Pakistan have remained hostile, since partition, owing to varied geopolitical reasons. They both compete against each other in conventional and nuclear arms. While the threat of CBW remains low in the region, it cannot be completely ruled out.

    July-December 2020

    The Forgotten Fact of “China-Occupied Kashmir”

    There is a need to widely disseminate China’s insidious role as an illegal occupier of Kashmir’s territory, including its territorial grab in the trans-Karakoram tract, in order to raise public awareness of the issue – both in India and at the international level.

    November 13, 2020

    Gambling with Violence: State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India

    Yelena Biberman offers a new framework for understanding why and how states ‘outsource’ war to local non-state actors despite the risks of forfeiting the state’s monopoly over violence. Specifically, she explores state and non-state alliances in counter-insurgencies in India and Pakistan. Taking a qualitative approach, Biberman argues that ‘state-nonstate alliances are balance-of-interests bargains’ wherein the ‘state seeking to shift the local balance of power in its favor may enlist activists if it can cultivate social or ideological ties with them’

    March 2020

    Time to Call Pakistan’s Bluff

    In the last 20 months of his rule, Prime Minister Imran Khan has not only failed to solve his people’s problems but also has made the life of the common man miserable.

    May 05, 2020

    India’s Renewed Push on Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)

    The surge in official references to PoK has disrupted the inertia of the past years. Pushing PoK high on India’s strategic priorities will make India’s Kashmir policy more effective.

    February 17, 2020

    Political Indifference and State Complicity: The Travails of Hazaras in Balochistan

    Pakistan is a forbidding place for minorities—confessional, sectarian and ideological. Violence, direct and structural and exacted with eerie regularity has ghettoised minority communities and forced them to flee. Among them, no other community is being subjected to such annihilatory violence as the Hazaras in the Balochistan province. Hazaras are an ethnic group predominantly based in Afghanistan, but also with a sizeable population in Pakistan, with estimates ranging between 650,000 and 900,000.

    July 2019

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