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  • The Balticconnector Incident: Hybrid Attacks and Critical Infrastructure Protection

    The pressure on north Europe to bolster capabilities to protect its critical infrastructure in the light of the Balticconnector incident is high.

    February 16, 2024

    BBIN Sub-Region: Perspectives on Climate-water-Energy Nexus

    • Publisher: Pentagon Press
      2023
    Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal (BBIN) are home to 21 per cent of the world’s population. With projected economic growth in the BBIN countries, a consequent increase in the demand for electricity and heavy dependence on fossil fuels are expected despite the pitch for renewable energy. The region also faces unprecedented climate change, particularly in the Hindu Kush Himalaya, the cradle of major sub-continental rivers, and where melting glaciers, unpredictable weather conditions, and rainfall patterns are affecting the life of millions and instigating frequent natural disasters. Since 2014, India has tried to maximise sub-regional interaction with the aim of promoting cooperation in the economic, social, cultural and scientific fields. This has opened new thinking and opportunities, complementing the pace of globalisation and liberalisation. The fear, of course, is that this approach can easily dissipate in the face of security complexities and political difficulties.

    The climate-water-energy nexus is now a familiar concept in the resource management debate requiring long-sighted approaches that help avoid maladaptive pathways and, as a tool, to anticipate the tilt and balance of the nexus resources and the nature of their interactions. The nexus as a policy approach brings together the concept of ‘security and sustainability’. However, the framing of the nexus around a scarcity crisis narrative often pushes states towards control and possessiveness of the resources rather than driving them towards stability and durability solutions. Beyond this framework, a more nuanced political–economy understanding of the BBIN sub-region is essential.

    • ISBN: 9788195189458 ,
    • Price: ₹ 995/-
    • E-copy available
    2023

    Maibam Warish asked: Can India benefit strategically from the recent re-establishment of full diplomatic relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia?

    Deepika Saraswat replies: The China-mediated agreement between Iran and Saudi Arabia on restoring their diplomatic ties after seven years has been welcomed by New Delhi. Given these two countries are key actors in the region which India considers part of its extended neighbourhood, any calming of tensions or rapprochement between them is seen as furthering regional peace and stability.

    OPEC+ and the Global Oil Market

    OPEC+ policies have had significant implications for oil importing developing countries as well as oil producing states.

    February 13, 2023

    Poland’s Quest for Diversification of Energy

    With the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the expansion of energy routes and suppliers has assumed increased urgency not only for Poland but EU as a whole. To what extent this diversification of supply chain will reduce Poland’s overt reliance on Russia, remains to be seen.

    March 16, 2022

    Intersecting Geo-economics and Geopolitics: Nord Stream 2 and Europe

    Nord Stream 2, a Russian undersea gas pipeline project that intends to deliver natural gas from Siberia to Germany, currently sits at an intersection of several geopolitical and geo-economic cross-currents that determine the economic security as well as the geostrategic balance of Europe.

    December 10, 2021

    From Energy Security to Energy Dominance: US’ Blending of Politics and Economics

    In the aftermath of the successful ‘America First’ or ‘Make America Great Again’ presidential election campaign, President Trump’s era inaugurated the realm of energy politics. It began with the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement and the lifting of the US export ban on crude oil. So far, it has been featured in setting aside President Obama’s climate change mitigation policy, which emphasized regulation, discouraged oil and gas development, and denounced the extensive exploitation of natural resources.

    March 2020

    The Abqaiq Attack – Fallout on Oil Market

    While there is no immediate shortage of oil as the market is balanced for the time being, there are growing concerns about potential conflict in the region leading to supply disruption and resultant price spike, affecting the already nervous market sentiment.

    October 07, 2019

    Blessy Paul asked: How will the re-imposition of US sanctions on Iran affect India's energy ties with the latter?

    Shebonti Ray Dadwal replies: Despite Iran being India’s third largest oil supplier, the termination of oil purchases from Iran will not affect supplies as other alternative sources are available, in fact eager to gain greater access to the lucrative Indian oil market. However, India will have to do without the concessional terms offered by Iran – such as the 60-day credit line as well as the insurance benefits.

    Swati asked: What role does China play in the EU energy security, keeping in view their current involvement in the UK nuclear energy sector?

    Nandakumar Janardhanan replies: China has the highest number of upcoming nuclear reactors (including planned and proposed) in the world, and a flourishing nuclear industry which is set to be the largest nuclear energy equipment and service provider to the ‘existing and emerging’ nuclear power countries.

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