Science and Technology

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  • China–United States Science and Technology Agreement at the Crossroads

    The Biden administration’s decision to temporarily extend the 1979 Science and Technology Agreement (STA) with China by six months in August 2023 came against the backdrop of apprehensions over Chinese technology theft.

    March 08, 2024

    S&T Initiatives and the Strategic Advance of India–US Relations

    There is now a forward-looking embrace of science and technology cooperation in India–US relations.

    November 30, 2023

    China’s Push for Science and Technology Collaboration with BRI Countries

    China is aiming to make science and technology (S&T) cooperation a significant component of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

    June 13, 2023

    Re-Energising Science Diplomacy in South Asia

    Science diplomacy can be used effectively to address critical challenges facing the South Asian region.

    January 31, 2023

    Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the role of artificial intelligence in modern warfare, and what are its limitations?

    Sanur Sharma replies: The dimensions of modern warfare lie within a changing landscape of technology and defence frameworks. The war-fighting capabilities are continually changing with the introduction of new and disruptive technologies that harness the power of data and analytics to make predictions and work automatically.

    Vineet Ravindran asked: Does a chip foundry company like TSMC help any host nation acquire the technology, and how so?

    Cherian Samuel replies: Leading-edge semiconductor companies like TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company) are courted by many countries to set up plants for chip manufacturing. Semiconductor chips have multiple applications and have acquired the status of strategic assets, especially in the aftermath of the pandemic-led shortage of these items which are used in everything from cars to toys to military drones.

    Bringing the Semi-Conductor to India

    With India’s current semiconductor demand of $40 billion expected to rise to $100 billion by 2025, the time is indeed right to begin production of semiconductors within the country.

    March 26, 2021

    Yogesh Singh asked: In view of serious security risks in a 5G network, can India rely on foreign vendors (including non-Chinese) to roll out 5G networks in the country?

    Munish Sharma replies: India is not a key player in the technology design, development or manufacturing of telecommunication equipment and, therefore, 5G is quite likely to rest upon either technology imports or equipment manufactured under license in India. The Report of the 5G High Level Forum had aptly pointed out towards the dire need of building India’s capacity in core technology development and manufacturing of telecommunication equipment.

    New Internet Protocol: Redesigning the Internet with Chinese Characteristics?

    China’s proposal for a new Internet Protocol (IP) is a reflection of its desire to revamp and mould the Internet. This is in line with its ambitions to rise to the “commanding heights” of the scientific and technological competition.

    October 15, 2020

    COVID-19 and New Age Technology

    Humanity is much better equipped today to mitigate the loss in life and collateral economic damage resulting from a pandemic, as demonstrated through the deployment of new-age tools such as artificial intelligence, big data, machine learning, neural networks and internet of things.

    May 01, 2020