India-Bhutan Relations

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  • Drug Trafficking in India: A Case for Border Security

    Drug Trafficking in India: A Case for Border Security

    Trafficking of drugs takes place overwhelmingly through land borders followed by sea and air routes. Given the vulnerability of the borders to drug trafficking, India has tried to tackle the problem through the strategy of drug supply and demand reduction, which involves enacting laws, co-operating with voluntary organisations, securing its borders and coasts by increasing surveillance, as well as seeking the active cooperation of its neighbours and the international community.

    India-Bhutan Power Cooperation: Between Policy Overtures and Local Debates

    With hydel cooperation emerging as an important pillar in India-Bhutan relationship, this Issue Brief examines the challenges and opportunities in this sector in the years to come.

    October 07, 2011

    Bhutan 2010: Foreign Policy Developments

    Security and development cooperation have become the twin pillars of the India-Bhutan relationship.

    December 30, 2010

    Chumbi Valley: Economic Rationale but Strategic Resonance

    Shaping responses towards the issue of Chumbi Valley would perhaps require a penetrating understanding of the “reality” that defines China’s political trajectory in South Asia in coming years.

    September 23, 2010

    Maneesh Aggarwal asked: What will be the impact for India if Bhutan allows Chinese to Chumbi valley and how India will encounter it?

    Medha Bisht replies: Chumbi Valley has historically been of economic value to India, Tibet and Bhutan. Given the Chinese posturing on Chumbi Valley, however it has been elevated to a strategic level. In the changing geo-political context, as China makes inroads into Southern Asia, suspicion over the Chinese’s intent therefore needs to be reckoned with.

    Chinese influence over the Chumbi valley could impact India in four ways. First, China proximity to India’s North-East and Siliguri Corridor which connects North-Eastern states to India and Nepal to Bhutan becomes closer. Second, it also gets closer to Bangladesh’s periphery in the North as a narrow stretch of land divides Bangladesh from Bhutan. Third, China, will have a better hold over Tibet, thus weakening any potential cards which India would want to play at a later stage, and fourth, it get an offensive advantage to thwart India’s military posturing. Defence of Sikkim in this context would be important. Six roads so far have been built by China near Bhutan’s North and North-West areas. Some sources point out that by 2017, China can have a rail link going to the place.

    India first needs to look inwards and strengthen it its defence preparedness and infrastructure construction plans. Second, at the bilateral level focused effort are needed on engaging Bhutan as a strategic partner, thus sensitizing it of Indian concerns. Third, India should maximize its soft-power approach, providing an enabling environment in Sikkim for Buddhism to flourish.

    Water Security for India: The External Dynamics

    Water Security for India: The External Dynamics
    • Publisher: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
      2010

    India is facing a serious water resource problem and as trends suggest, it is expected to become 'water stressed' by 2025 and 'water scarce' by 2050. Premised on this, this IDSA Report raises fundamental questions about the forces driving water demand and the political dynamics of riparian relations, both in terms of hindrances and opportunities, amongst states in the subcontinent.

    • ISBN 81-86019-83-9 ,
    • Price: ₹. 350/-
    • E-copy available
    2010

    India–Bhutan Relations: From Developmental Cooperation to Strategic Partnership

    The India–Bhutan relationship is perhaps the only bilateral engagement in South Asia, yielding high dividends to both parties. While Bhutan all through the years has appreciated India for its economic assistance, India, for its part, has been sensitive to Bhutan's developmental needs. The relationship has helped Bhutan shape a unique developmental trajectory based on gross national happiness. Bhutan's economy has grown substantially in recent years. However, the development cooperation between the two countries can be effectively divided into three significant waves.

    May 2010

    Indo-Bhutan Joint Action against Insurgents

    Indian insurgent groups are re-establishing camps in Bhutan and are also forging links with Bhutanese rebel groups.

    October 05, 2009

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