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  • Yoginder Rangi asked: What are the causes of Bangladesh's independence?

    Smruti Pattanaik replies: Factors that contributed to the creation of Bangladesh are: economic disparity between East and West Pakistan, and disparity in the representation in the civil service and Army of Pakistan. Two other factors contributed to the disenchantment among East Pakistanis. First, the concept that the defence of the East (Pakistan) lies in the West (Pakistan) led to investment in infrastructure and communication network in West Pakistan. This was in spite of East Pakistan's larger contribution to the economy. In the 1965 Indo-Pak war East Pakistan was left defence-less and at the mercy of India. Second, the one unit formula introduced by President Ayub Khan made West Pakistan equal to East Pakistan though East Pakistan had 53 per cent of population in terms of political representation at the centre. Many prominent Bangladeshis feel the 1971 liberation war and creation of Bangladesh was the actual implementation of the 1942 Lahore resolution which spoke of 'independent states' for Muslims in the north and the East.

    Awami League in Power: Lost Priorities and Opportunities

    Campus violence by its student body, avoidable controversy over the constitution of the war crime tribunal, and unnecessary confrontation with the BNP are diverting the Awami League from its commitment to generate a change in Bangladesh's political culture.

    May 14, 2010

    Another Pakistan-based Terror Group Exposed in Bangladesh

    The latest arrests underline the lack of cooperation among security agencies in South Asia and the support base that exists in Bangladesh for terrorist groups.

    March 04, 2010

    Dams in Arunachal Pradesh: Between Development Debates and Strategic Dimensions

    Dam building in Arunachal Pradesh should not be perceived as an insurmountable irritant, but rather as a sign of a vibrant Indian democracy.

    February 01, 2010

    The Law Catches Up With Mujib Killers in Bangladesh

    The punishment of Mujib’s killers will hopefully now delegitimize this process and strengthen democracy in Bangladesh.

    February 01, 2010

    A Year of Revival of Democracy in Bangladesh

    To the credit of Shaikh Hasina she managed the foreign policy of Bangladesh as well as macro economic situation of the country well.

    January 29, 2010

    Balochistan is no Bangladesh

    Unless Baloch nationalists get their act together in pursuit of ‘achievable nationhood’, it will be only a matter of time before this latest upsurge in Balochistan will be brutally crushed.

    January 19, 2010

    The Cautious Handling of Secularism in Bangladesh

    The landslide victory of Awami League in Bangladesh elections created hope of revival of the 1972 constitution of which secularism was an important element. The government of Shaikh Hasina is trying to deal with this issue in a cautious manner.

    January 19, 2010

    Bangladeshi Illegal Migration into Assam: Issues and Concerns from the Field

    The issue of Bangladeshi illegal migration has troubled the state of Assam for decades now. Assamese political and social discourses fear that this unchecked migration from across the border will subvert their way of life and change the demographic profile of the state in the near future.

    January 14, 2010

    Looking Ahead

    If India indeed considers itself to be a rising power, it cannot remain a passive in the face of instability all around it.

    January 12, 2010