Defence Technology

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  • Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the role of artificial intelligence in modern warfare, and what are its limitations?

    Sanur Sharma replies: The dimensions of modern warfare lie within a changing landscape of technology and defence frameworks. The war-fighting capabilities are continually changing with the introduction of new and disruptive technologies that harness the power of data and analytics to make predictions and work automatically.

    Sai Yashwanth asked: What makes IAC Vikrant, which is expected to be commissioned in August 2022, so special?

    R. Vignesh replies: Aircraft carriers are complex naval platforms that act as floating military airbases through which tactical airpower can be projected on distant shores. Ever since these ships emerged in the 1920s, they swiftly replaced the battleship as flagships of a nation’s naval might. These platforms can critically augment a navy’s tactical combat potential and strategic power projection capabilities. Due to this aircraft carriers are much sought by nations that can afford to procure and operate them.

    Vineet Ravindran asked: Is India developing a Hypersonic Glide Vehicle? What is its role in the Indian security environment? Does it enhance deterrence?

    Ajey Lele replies: Broadly, there are two main categories of hypersonic weapons, hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs) and hypersonic cruise missiles. The HGVs are launched from a rocket towards the target, while hypersonic cruise missiles are powered by high-speed air-breathing engines called scramjets.

    Shashank Mittal asked: What is technology transfer and with which all countries have India engaged in this regard?

    Amit Cowshish replies: Transfer of Technology (ToT) is the process by which the know-how underlying the development of a product, or any activity associated with its development, production or maintenance, is passed on by the original equipment manufacturer to another entity on mutually acceptable terms, largely financial.

    Vineet R. asked: If India can indigenously make the more complex SSBNs under ATV, why is it importing SSKs under P-75(I)?

    Abhay K. Singh replies: At the outset, it is pertinent to highlight that the acquisition of P-75(I) submarines is not being planned through import. The P-75(I) submarines will be indigenously constructed through the strategic partnership model (SPM) of procurement, which aims to revitalise the defence industrial ecosystem and progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon systems for the future needs of armed forces.

    Vineet R. asked: What are the characteristics of a 6th Generation fighter aircraft?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: Military aviation, like any other technology-intensive field, continuously evolves. Although a classic definition of various generations of combat aircraft does not exist but based on the core capabilities, it is broadly classified.

    Unmanned Aircraft System and Indian Industries

    While India is establishing a strong aviation ecosystem by bringing together all stakeholders including the government, DPSUs, tri-services, academia and industry partners, it is believed that private Indian industries will be the crusaders for the government in defence production, particularly in the UAV vertical.

    January 27, 2022

    Beating Retreat and Demonstration of Drone Power

    With a display of 1,000 indigenously produced swarm drones during the Beating Retreat, India would become the fourth nation to achieve such a feat, making it a front row actor with a strong foothold in the field of drone technology.

    January 25, 2022

    Quantum Technologies and Military Strategy

    • Publisher: Springer
      2021
    This book is about the strategic relevance of quantum technologies. It debates the military-specific aspects of this technology. Various chapters of this book cohere around two specific themes. The first theme discusses the global pattern of ongoing civilian and military research on quantum computers, quantum cryptography, quantum communications and quantum internet. The second theme explicitly identifies the relevance of these technologies in the military domain and the possible nature of quantum technology-based weapons. This thread further debates on quantum (arms) race at a global level in general, and in the context of the USA and China, in particular. The book argues that the defence utility of these technologies is increasingly becoming obvious and is likely to change the nature of warfare in the future.
    • ISBN: 978-3-030-72720-8 ,
    • Price: EUR 89.99
    2021

    Mohit Nayak asked: How can indigenisation in the Indian defence sector be enhanced?

    Amit Cowshish replies: As the first step, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) needs to formulate a composite policy that focuses on the indigenisation of high priority technology areas, shedding the notion that it must necessarily result in savings. The commercial viability of the identified projects and institutional arrangement for financing them, apart from a mechanism to accommodate the cost of failed efforts, must form the bedrock of the policy.

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