Foreign Policy

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  • Amit Rathee asked: What are the ethical issues in international relations?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: A basic issue in international politics is how to reconcile one’s interests with values one professes. Most nations claim their commitment to universal values and try their best to conform to them. On many occasions, states find it difficult to conduct their behaviour as per their values. While most countries pledge their commitment to non-interference and peaceful conduct of foreign policy, in reality, their national interests are defined in realist terms that hurtles them in the path of power maximisation and pits them against their co-aspirants. In certain cases, some states are compelled to put aside their values in their quest for survival and dignity. India’s pursuit of nuclear power in spite of its commitment to non-violence and peace could be cited as an example here. The balance-of-power politics around the world, born out of mutual distrust and sense of insecurity, make it often difficult for nations to strictly adhere to values they profess.

    Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Challenges

    It will be unrealistic to expect any drastic change in the foreign policy orientation of Pakistan, because Pakistan’s geopolitical interests will not allow the new government to bring about radical change

    May 28, 2013

    What India needs to learn from China

    It is important to be conversant with the Chinese thought process in order to deal with them. China respects authoritativeness and it is time that India signals its resolve and intent in dealing with issues of concern.

    May 20, 2013

    Kenneth Waltz R.I.P. (1924-2013)

    Kenneth Waltz hailed as the ‘King of thought’ was a towering thinker in the field of IR. His two most important works, Man, The State, and War (1959) and Theory of International Politics (1979), provided a framework within which emerged the principal debate in IR.

    May 15, 2013

    Syed Shubhani asked: What should be the guiding principles for India’s foreign policy in the next 30 years?

    Reply: Refer to the following on IDSA website:

    India’s Foreign Policy – Future Options
    By Amb. Kanwal Sibal, Third Y B Chavan Memorial Lecture, November 30, 2012

    Opening remarks by Dr. Arvind Gupta, DG, IDSA at Workshop on Kautilya
    October 18, 2012, Workshop on Kautilya, at

    Tasks before Indian Foreign Policy
    By Dr. Arvind Gupta, May 9, 2012, at

    2012: The Changing Geopolitical Environment and Tasks before Indian foreign policy
    By Dr. Arvind Gupta, January 3, 2012, at

    India's Defence Cooperation with its Major Traditional & New Strategic Partners
    By Amb. Ronen Sen, April 1, 2011, at

    Who Sets the Agenda? Does 'Prime Time' Really Pace Policy?

    Who Sets the Agenda? Does 'Prime Time' Really Pace Policy?

    At a time when the country is seeing crises - political, social and moral, the role of the media is rising in perception as never before. But how much does 'prime time' in the era of 24 hour news coverage actually impact policy? This monograph unpacks the perceived influence of the media in specific foreign policy episodes and argues that while it has introduced accountability and real-time responses to issues, it still has not been able to establish long term policy impact.


    Kumar Chintha asked- What is NAM 2.0?

    Reply: Refer to the IDSA comment, ‘Nonalignment 2.0: A Realist Critique of an Establishmentarian Perspective’ by Rajesh Rajagopalan, at

    Abhijit Rathod asked: What is the importance of SCO for Indian foreign policy?

    Reply: Please refer to Meena Singh Roy’s earlier reply to a similar query, at Also, refer to her commentary “India's Options in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation”, Strategic Analysis, 36 (4), July-August 2012, pp. 645-650.