Foreign Policy

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  • Revamping the Indian Foreign Service

    With changing times and the growing profile of India in the international system, there is a need for a change in the structure and process of recruitment into this very important service.

    April 11, 2017

    Omkar Pawar asked: What is functionalist approach in international relations?

    Arpita Anant replies: A functionalist approach to international relations emphasises the importance of specific issues or problems, mainly technical in nature, in engendering the need for cooperation among nations. According to David Mitrany (1943), cooperation among technical experts in a functional area will result in the creation of an international agency that will push nations to cooperate rather than wage war. Cooperation in one functional area will have ‘ramifications’ in other functional areas.

    India - UAE Relations: New Dimension to Strategic Partnership

    As India seeks to enhance economic engagement and deepen security cooperation with the Gulf, it finds a willing partner in the UAE.

    February 17, 2017

    Triumphant Trump and American Foreign Policy

    President-elect Donald Trump’s foreign policy pronouncements during the campaign have led to alarm and concerns among America’s strongest allies.

    November 22, 2016

    India’s Foreign Policy Priorities and the Emergence of a Modi Doctrine

    India’s current Prime Minister Narendra Modi is often touted as India’s Deng Xiaoping, expected to lead the country on a path of economic reform and accelerated growth.1 While Modi rose to power on an economic mandate, it is his foreign policy that has received the most attention in the media. Modi has been criticised by the media, the public and the opposition parties for taking several overseas trips in his short tenure in office.

    September 2016

    Chaitanya Nagalla asked: How relevant is Mackinder's 'Heartland Theory’ in the contemporary geo-politics?

    S. Kalyanaraman replies: Mackinder's heartland theory highlighted the probability of Imperial Russia, which occupies the vast, interior, pivotal position in Eurasia, and which enjoys direct territorial access to all the other regions (Inner Crescent, or Rimland in Spykman's formulation) of the Eurasian landmass (West Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Europe), expanding its territorial extent along these axes and thereby seeking dominance over the whole world.

    The US Pivot and Indian Foreign Policy: Asia’s Evolving Balance of Power, by Harsh V. Pant and Yogesh Joshi

    The US Pivot and Indian Foreign Policy is based on the premise of the ascendance of Chinese power and relative decline of the United States (US) on the world stage causing transition of power in international politics. Considering China’s assertive behaviour, this power transition is unlikely to be peaceful inducing uncertainty in the system. By using the term ‘balance of power’ in the title itself, the authors seem to have suggested an emerging bipolar world order with the US and China being the two poles in the near future.

    July 2016

    Rebalancing with India

    Rebalancing with India

    New Delhi is aware of Washington’s keenness to marshal India as the power that can tilt the strategic balance in Asia.

    May 31, 2016

    South Pacific: Gaining Prominence in Indian Foreign Policy Calculations

    This backgrounder explores three issues: the strategic significance of the South Pacific for India, the advantages that India enjoys over China in the region, and the status of India’s relationship with Papua New Guinea in the light of the recent visit by President Mukherjee.

    May 10, 2016

    Rethinking India’s approach towards Pakistan-occupied Kashmir

    Rethinking India’s approach towards Pakistan-occupied Kashmir

    Ceding PoK as part of a settlement does not comport with India’s national and strategic interests, especially in terms of dealing with the challenge posed by China-Pakistan collaboration.

    May 03, 2016