Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

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  • Erdogan’s Nuclear Rhetoric

    While Turkey’s nuclear ambitions are not new, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's nuclear rhetoric is in the backdrop of Turkey's deteriorating regional security situation.

    June 01, 2022

    Suchak Patel asked: Does NPT, CTBT and NSG rules have any role pertaining to the AUKUS deal?

    Rajiv Nayan replies: The NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) does not prohibit the development of nuclear submarines or the transfer of nuclear materials used as propellants in naval reactors/nuclear submarines. The CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) is not relevant for nuclear submarines or related materials. The NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) guidelines do have restrictions for enriched materials and facilities for the purpose. However, NSG is a control and not a prohibition body.

    NPT@50: How India Framed its Decision to Reject the Treaty

    India’s decision to reject the NPT was a display of astute statecraft with idealist posturing used to masquerade pursuit of national interests.

    September 25, 2020

    NPT@50: The Genesis of a Flawed Bargain

    Even after five decades of its entry-into-force, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is largely seen as a Cold War era instrument that has failed to fulfill the objective of creating a pathway towards a credible disarmament process.

    March 31, 2020

    Prateek asked: Why did India ratify the Convention on Supplementary Compensation (CSC) which seems to go against certain clauses of the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act (CLNDA)?

    G. Balachandran replies: No party to CSC has raised any objection to India’s accession on the ground that CLNDA is inconsistent with the provisions of CSC. The CSC too does not impose any obligation to which India may have an objection. Finally, in case of a nuclear incident in India, CSC may provide additional resources for compensation.

    Two standoffs and some nuclear lessons

    standoffs in Doklam and North Korea

    The standoffs in Doklam and North Korea offer insights on how crisis stability remains subject to the complexities of deterrence, especially in theatres with multiple nuclear-armed states, and what this entails for disarmament.

    December 29, 2017

    The Clarion Call from the Atolls: Marshall Islands Puts the Nuclear Powers on Notice

    The Clarion Call from the Atolls: Marshall Islands Puts the Nuclear Powers on Notice

    The pivotal question is whether a judicial intervention, in the absence of any political stimulus, can make a meaningful difference to the disarmament movement.

    April 06, 2016

    The discreet silence on the NPT

    The discreet silence on the NPT

    The collective silence of the guardians and the state-parties by no means signifies the NPT’s good health, especially when they continue to emphasise upon the slow pace of disarmament and enduring pressures on the non-proliferation regime.

    March 02, 2015

    India and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime - The Perennial Outlier

    India and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime - The Perennial Outlier

    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    ISBN 978-11-0705-662-6
    Price: Rs.895/-
    The book describes India as a unique case of an outlier surviving outside the regime’s overarching system, as a nuclear-capable state with prolonged record of resistance (and selective adherence), but ending up seeking opportunities to engage with its normative structures. The ideological and policy shifts that had shaped India’s transformative journey from a perennial outlier to one seeking greater integration with the regime, though, also exemplifies the underlying strategic paradoxes and dogmatic incongruities. The book assesses how these dynamics will determine India’s role in global anti-proliferation and its status in the emerging global nuclear order.

    2014

    Politics, Security and Nuclear Abolition: Beyond the Idealist Rhetoric

    Disarmament and non-proliferation are rightfully viewed as two sides of the same coin: the two imperatives that need to be met if the prospect of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons is to be realised. Although the existence of a link between the two concepts is obvious, the exact nature of this connection is perhaps not as clear. The central question here is whether it is politics or strategic realities that shape states’ nuclear options and by implication, the two-fold road to global zero.

    January 2014

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