Non-alignment

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  • Nikhil Kalla asked: How is non-alignment different from strategic autonomy? NAM talks about ‘positive neutralism’, which is similar to strategic autonomy.

    Ashok K. Behuria replies:  The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was conceived at a time when bipolarity was emerging as a marked feature in international politics. The world was divided between two polar ideologies, i.e., liberal democracy and communism. The United States (US) emerged as the leader of the so-called free world and the erstwhile Soviet Union as the leader of communist countries.

    Jyoti Kataria asked: Was there any contribution of Vietnam in the Non-Aligned Movement?

    Udai Bhanu Singh replies: The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) formally began some 60 years ago with the first summit at Belgrade in 1961 but Vietnam joined it only in 1976. Vietnam, like the other developing countries of Asia and Africa, used NAM to raise its voice for safeguarding national sovereignty, protesting against imposition and intervention from outside and pushing for world peace, and improving the international environment for cooperation and development.

    Suchak Patel asked: How Cold War 2.0 between the United States and China will be different from Cold War 1.0, especially from the Indian perspective? Are strategic autonomy and NAM relevant choices for India in 2.0?

    S. Kalyanaraman replies: From the Indian perspective, there are two principal differences between the United States-Soviet Union Cold War 1.0 and the prospective Cold War 2.0 between China and the United States The first difference lies in the fact that one of the protagonists in Cold War 2.0, namely, China, is an adversary that has been in occupation of Indian territory, continues to make claims to other Indian territories, has supported Pakistan against India since the 1960s

    In Defence of Non-alignment

    The era of non-alignment provides immense insights on how visionary leadership seeking to influence international politics could develop ideational frameworks to propel the grand strategy of their choosing.

    September 02, 2020

    Why Non-Alignment has greater relevance in Modi’s India

    The global thrust on economic integration has certainly accrued greater space to India that the non-alignment actually stands for. It allows India to reach out to both the US and China without fear of taking sides and draw in the benefits from both of manufacturing, investments, trade and commerce.

    June 29, 2014

    Nonalignment 2.0: A Realist Critique of An Establishmentarian Perspective

    From a Realist perspective, the key problem with a Nehruvian/Liberal approach to foreign policy is that it misunderstands power and ignores the centrality of balance of power politics in interstate relations.

    May 01, 2012

    The Non-Aligned Movement and Nuclear Security

    Despite not taking a stand on nuclear security or nuclear terrorism, the NAM appears determined to adopt key elements of nuclear security.

    March 16, 2012

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