Indian Foreign Policy

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  • Sanskriti asked: How will the Russia–Ukraine crisis affect the multipolarity of the world order and India's role in it?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: The Russia–Ukraine crisis does not necessarily negate the concept of multipolarity as much as perceived bipolarity because of ongoing competition between the United States (US) and China for global influence, if not leadership. However, it has certainly shattered the hopes of multipolarity as an essential condition for peace and prosperity in the world.

    Nirav Mehta asked: How has India’s abstention from the UNSC resolution condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine impacted its position on the global stage? What are its implications for India's strategic autonomy?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: For India, the Ukraine crisis is a challenging foreign policy issue. Moscow and Washington are New Delhi's key strategic partners, and abandoning one is not sensible. Though ties between Washington and New Delhi have grown significantly in recent years, New Delhi still maintains a special and privileged friendship with Moscow. Therefore, at the United Nations (UN), India's response to the Ukraine crisis was cautious.

    Anmol Anand asked: Why does India focus on ASEAN Centrality in its Indo-Pacific strategy? What are the challenges involved in it?

    Udai Bhanu Singh replies: ASEAN Centrality means that the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) must be in the driver’s seat and be responsible for formulating a common vision and implementing it. New Delhi has consistently maintained its support for ASEAN Centrality. India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy, with ASEAN Centrality as its basis.

    Shashank Mittal asked: How do US–Russia relations affect India?

    Rajorshi Roy replies: Over the last eight years, US–Russia relations have deteriorated to a historic low. The Ukrainian crisis has only added to the bilateral friction amidst fears of a redo of the Cold War era animosity and zero-sum game calculation. With their differences over Russia’s position in global affairs appearing fundamental, it is unlikely that a modus vivendi between the two Great Powers is in the offing in the near future. Such a scenario complicates India's foreign policy options.

    Vineet R. asked: Historically, what has been the Palestinian position on Kashmir?

    Adil Rasheed replies: According to the Ministry of External Affairs, “India’s support for the Palestinian cause is an integral part of our nation’s foreign policy”.

    Abhishek Singh asked: Is the Indian foreign policy being increasingly shaped by the neoliberal outlook?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: The term 'neoliberalism' has an economic refrain. It advocates a free market, laissez-faire economy. In international relations, neoliberal institutionalism has a slightly modified tenor that lays emphasis on economic interdependence which has been a marked feature of international politics in the post-Cold War period. Such interdependence leads to inter-connectedness and linkage that ensures peace and reduces the probability of conflict between states.

    Samarpan Samajdar asked: What should be the long-term approach of Indian foreign policy towards Pakistan? Can social constructivism be a viable alternative?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: Indian policy towards Pakistan is based on principles of sovereign equality and bilateralism. India has, on a number of occasions, conveyed its desire to discuss all outstanding issues in a comprehensive manner at the bilateral level and resolve them through meaningful dialogue. It is Pakistan’s obsession with the Kashmir issue and its insistence that it should be resolved as per UN resolutions that has derailed the process of dialogue, time and again.

    Rathiesh Narayanan asked: Does India have its own International Relations (IR) theory?

    India at the OIC: Recognition of a Rising Global Power

    The best option would be for India to continue to work with individual members of the OIC to establish friendly relations and deepen bilateral cooperation, and work to negate the machinations of Pakistan within the OIC.

    March 25, 2019

    MBS Visit Strengthens the Indo-Saudi Strategic Partnership

    The key focus areas during the visit of MBS to India were terrorism, investment, energy, skill development, security and Indian diaspora in Saudi Arabia.

    March 05, 2019

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