Indian Ocean Region

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  • Indian Diaspora in Reunion Island: A Strategic Asset

    Wherever Indians have migrated, they have carried with them their culture, which has subsequently served to build multi-layered bridges with their country of origin. The article studies the Indian migration to the French territory of Reunion Islands located in the southwestern Indian Ocean and delves into various factors, including the historical, demographic, socio-economic aspects of the evolution of the Indian diaspora.

    July 2018

    China’s Naval Base(s) in the Indian Ocean—Signs of a Maritime Grand Strategy?

    The article assesses China’s Indian Ocean strategy against the backdrop of its naval base development in Djibouti. It argues that China’s naval force posturing stems from a doctrinal shift to ocean-centric strategic thinking and is indicative of the larger gameplan of having a permanent naval presence in the Indian Ocean. China’s maritime strategy comprises four key components. First, to channel naval reinforcements for securing its maritime trade and economic interests in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR)—even as it strengthens the Maritime Silk Road initiative.

    May 2017

    Multi-party Democracy in the Maldives and the Emerging Security Environment in the Indian Ocean Region

    Multi-party Democracy in the Maldives and the Emerging Security Environment in the Indian Ocean Region
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    Maldives is the smallest country of South Asia. But its significance is no less because of its crucial geo-strategic location in the Indian Ocean. It sits astride on major sea lanes of communications (SLOCs). However, the crucial geo-strategic location of the Maldives has also caused problems for the country as it has aroused interests of major world powers.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-895-8,
    • Price: ₹. 795
    • E-copy available
    2016

    Abhinaya Rai asked: How plausible is it for China to commence reclamation in the IOR? This is in specific context to Maldives' amendment to its constitution.

    Aman Saberwal replies: China does have the capability to reclaim land from the sea as has been demonstrated by its actions in the South China Sea. The speed and scale of the reclamation has been watched with trepidation by the world and especially by the neighbouring countries. China has rapidly converted reefs into islands and built ports, airstrips, radar stations and other infrastructure including that of military relevance. This has been done at distances of over 500 nautical miles from mainland China.

    Time to Revitalise and Expand the Trilateral Maritime Security Cooperation between India, Sri Lanka and Maldives

    Time to Revitalise and Expand the Trilateral Maritime Security Cooperation between India, Sri Lanka and Maldives

    Maritime security challenges in the Indian Ocean Region continue to be an issue of concern and this effective regional mechanism needs to be strengthened to deal effectively with them.

    March 22, 2016

    Myanmar in China’s Push into the Indian Ocean

    China wants to regain the position it once enjoyed under the military government in Myanmar. However, its efforts at securing a direct access to the Indian Ocean through Myanmar are unlikely to see an early fruition.

    March 14, 2016

    Port de Djibouti: China’s First Permanent Naval Base in the Indian Ocean

    Port de Djibouti: China’s First Permanent Naval Base in the Indian Ocean

    Hitherto, the India-China border dispute was largely a land-air contingency. Now, the PLA Navy’s presence in the IOR adds the third dimension and needs to be factored in future planning and preparations.

    February 22, 2016

    Addressing Maritime Challenges in the Indian Ocean Region: A Case for Synergising Naval Capacities towards Collective Benefits

    The vastness and diversity of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) and its littorals, and difference in the latters’ overall view of regional security, presents a broad spectrum of challenges therein. The maritime capacities of most littoral states are not strong enough to individually address these challenges. However, synergised response strategies, appropriately regulated by one or two collectively mandated apex bodies, would greatly help in managing regional maritime security.

    January 2016

    Subhash Mishra asked: What are the strategic, technological and infrastructural preparedness of India to ensure its overall stability, security and sustainability concerns in the Indian Ocean Region?

    Abhijit Singh replies: India’s technological and infrastructural preparedness in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) translates into defensive readiness in three concentric spheres which encompass the immediate maritime neighbourhood: the territorial waters up to 12 nautical miles (nm) from the coast (of vital national security interest), the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extending to 200 nm, and the putative zone of Indian geopolitical influence – a region comprising the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and parts of the Western and Central Indian Ocean.

    China’s ‘Maritime Bases’ in the IOR: A Chronicle of Dominance Foretold

    After a successful visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Colombo in March, Indian policy elite are hopeful that the new Sri Lankan government will roll-back some of the geopolitical concessions made by the Rajapaksa regime to Beijing, thereby restoring India’s primacy in its near neighbourhood. India’s policy elite are hopeful that Maithripala Sirisena, the new president, will roll back some of the geopolitical concessions made by his predecessor to Beijing, thereby restoring Indian primacy in its near neighbourhood.

    May 2015

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