Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS)

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  • Aman asked: How the operation of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) by China differs from that of BRICS Bank? Why is China keen to develop such a bank in addition to BRICS Bank?

    Jagannath P. Panda replies:Operationally, both the AIIB and the New Development Bank (NDB) of the BRICS differ from each other in their structure and functionality. Both are yet to evolve as credible international banks. Their membership composition, areas of focus, structures, and operational and financing patterns make them different from each other.  

    Talking Heads: Modi in Ufa

    Modi would find the Eurasian dynamics at odds with his vision of containing China along with the United States. He will have to display pragmatism for building greater convergence with China and Russia.

    July 08, 2015

    Akriti Dharendra asked: What is the future of WTO & Bretton Woods Institutions in the light of the establishment of BRICS Bank & the emergence of multilateral agreements like TPP & RCEP?

    Jagannath Prasad Panda replies: The establishment of BRICS Development Bank is a progressive aspect of the world politics which indicate that the influence and economic clout of developing countries or emerging economies is on ascendancy. BRICS began with an economic mandate, advocating a transparent and an equitable global governance process in favour of the developing world, and to bring parity between the North and the South.

    Sixth BRICS Summit: A step towards more equitable global order?

    The Declaration pushes for a more equitable norm and the New Development Bank is an interesting outcome. The initial subscribed capital of $50 billion dollars and the responsibilities of the functioning are to be shared equally among the founding members of the bank. While China will host the headquarters, the regional centre will be located in South Africa; similarly the first President of the Bank will be from India, the First Board of Governors from Russia and the first chair of Board of Directors from Brazil.

    July 22, 2014

    BRICS: An Effective Multilateral Forum in a Multi-polar International Order

    Brazil will hold the 6th BRICS Summit of Heads of State and the Governments of BRICS from 15 July 2014 to 16 July 2014. It is a coalition of emerging economies providing alternative ideas of global governance.

    July 11, 2014

    Harsha asked: What is the future of IBSA and RIC, considering these countries are also involved in BRICS?

    Jagannath P. Panda replies: The future of IBSA is certainly under test after the rapid emergence of BRICS. IBSA is more about 'democratic' societies and India would like to capitalize on IBSA. The Chinese have recently urged informally for a merger of IBSA with BRICS, therefore, it will remain a challenge for India and other countries on how to sustain the future of IBSA. On the other hand, RIC is a track of three countries- Russia, India and China - who are involved in BRICS alliance as well. RIC is now working more as a second fiddle to BRICS. Though the significance of RIC has eroded substantially given the rise and prominence of BRICS, still the three neighbouring countries- Russia, India and China- would like to continue and sustain the RIC framework to discuss greater regional issues which are outside the purview of BRICS.

    For more on the subject, please refer to my following IDSA publication:

    Jagannath P. Panda, "China and IBSA: Possible BRICS Overreach?", Strategic Analyses, 37 (3), May 2013, pp. 299-304.

    BRICS and the China-India Construct: A New World Order In Making?

    BRICS and the China-India Construct: A New World Order In Making?

    The monograph portrays to understand and contribute to the strategic analyses of foreign, security and economic policy issues that are attached to the rise of BRICS. This is not only a study about BRICS per se; but is also about China and India, the two most vital powers of this grouping. This study has been written in Indian context, and has tried to delve into the China-India course within BRICS.


    Future of Golden BRICS

    With the successful holding of the fifth summit of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) in Durban during March 26–27, 2013, this influential group of emerging economies completed its first important phase of genesis and evolution. The idea was floated in 2001 as an ‘acronym’ created by an investment banker of Goldman Sachs, Jim O'Neil who believed that the fast-growing economies of Brazil, Russia, China and India would be the single greatest game changers in coming times.

    July 2013

    Amardip Sanan asked: Is India thinking about creating a common IBSA bank, similar to the BRICS bank?

    Jagannath P. Panda replies: Strategic communities in India, Brazil and South Africa have started debating and discussing the possibility of creating a common bank for IBSA grouping. The idea is at a preliminary level and far from being actualised. Establishing a common IBSA Bank will not only require common understanding, but also proper political direction and consultation among the member countries. The launch of BRICS Development Bank is certainly a reference point in this context.

    Given India’s economic and political weight, New Delhi must take a leading approach towards the creation of a common IBSA bank. However, it will not be easy to push this idea ahead given that the formation of a common bank will require stable funding resources, institutional mechanisms and trans-national cooperation among member countries. Besides, the BRICS Development Bank is still in an evolving stage and all the IBSA countries are members of BRICS. Both Brazil and South Africa may also find it difficult to contribute financially to IBSA bank since they have already agreed to contribute to the BRICS Development Bank.

    Asian Strategic Review 2013

    Asian Strategic Review
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    It would not be a cliche to describe the strategic contours of Asia as being at the crossroads of history. A number of significant events are influencing the likely course that the collective destiny of the region could possibly take in the future. Some of the key issues and trends have been analysed in this year’s Asian Strategic Review

    • ISBN ISBN 978-81-8274-719-7,
    • Price: ₹. 1295/-
    • E-copy available