Chemical Weapons (CW)

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  • Preparing civil defence against chemical and biological weapon attacks: The imperative role of media

    In the new world of advanced science and technology, the nature of terrorism has assumed its worst manifestation. The 2008 Mumbai attack proved that terrorists aim at creating havoc and panic using unconventional means. Under such circumstances,probability of chemical or biological attack against innocent civilians can not be ignored by defence planners.

    January-June 2014

    Wrong Weapons in Wrong hands: Ensure compliance with readiness

    Chemical weapons can cause large scale death and destruction. To give an example, a pinhead size drop of nerve agent can kill an adult within minutes. In a country like India which has a large density of population, a large scale attack is almost impossible to prepare against. Chemical weapons are ideal for terror seekers because they are cheap and easily accessible. They are also easy to transport.

    January-June 2015

    100 Years On: Strengthening the Norm against Chemical-Weapons Use

    In 22nd April, 1915, during the First World War (WWI), German forces used Chlorine gas for the first time, killing thousands of French troops in the battlefields in Ypres, Belgium.1 This incident introduced the era of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in the history of modern warfare. Since then, chemical agents have become the only WMDs to be used repeatedly in conflict situations.

    January-June 2015

    Recent ‘Chemical Incidents’ in France and Taiwan

    Recent ‘Chemical Incidents’ in France and Taiwan

    While the attack on the chemical warehouse in France and the accident in the Taiwanese park are not cases of chemical terrorism in a classical sense, they can be analysed against the backdrop of a ‘chemical incident’.

    June 30, 2015

    Relevance of Montreal Protocol in the Contemporary Debates on the Use of Refrigerants

    The Montreal Protocol has been regarded as the most of effective international treaty mechanism of all time and it has been successful in handling the question of ozone depletion with the help of mechanisms like Multilateral Fund.

    Chemical and Biological Weapons in Egypt and Libya

    Egypt has for long possessed chemical weapons (CW) and biological weapons (BW), and was unable to make much progress in the nuclear weapons (NW) domain, at least as yet, Qaddafi's Libya on the other hand produced CW, developed BW, neared nuclear capacity as well, eventually, but shifted to total deproliferation in due course.

    Challenge Inspection Regime of the CWC: Salient Features*

    The most significant aspect of the CWC is the provision for a Challenge Inspection (CI) mechanism, to address any possible concerns of any member state regarding the possible non-compliance to the provisions of the CWC by any other member state.

    How has the West responded to ‘gassing’ in West Asia?

    It is not so much because of the use of chemical weapons that will unleash US fire-power, but the fact that the Assad regime might be winning the civil war in conjunction with its Iranian and Hezbollah allies.

    September 04, 2013

    Syrian Civil War and the Chemical Weapons Use

    Syria is in the middle of civil war since March, 2011. Recent reports of use of chemical weapons in Syria and US President Barack Obama’s official statement on this issue has given a new turn to the Syrian conflict. Chemical Weapons (CW) usage and geopolitics of global interests complicate the issue. Acheiving a sustainable solution will require serious and sustained efforts on part of all the actors involved in Syria.

    Accomplishments in the Elimination of Chemical Weapons - A Fact Sheet

    Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) that was signed in January 1993 and came into force in 1997 could now be viewed as the most successful arms control mechanism. However, with eight countries still not signatory to the CWC and with approximately 25% of declared weapons stockpile remaing undestroyed as yet, the CWC is still a work in progress.

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