National Security: Concept, Measurement and Management

Satish Chandra is the former Deputy to the National Security Adviser, Government of India.
Brigadier (Retd.) Rahul K. Bhonsle is managing a strategic risk and knowledge management focusing on strategic culture and security trends in South Asia, future warfare and human security.
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  • July 2015

    The concept of national security has often been taken to merely connote the preservation of sovereignty, territorial integrity and internal stability with the focus on the coercive power of the state. In today’s complex and interdependent world faced with many non traditional threats like pandemics, climate change, etc it must, however, be seen in a more holistic manner. Such an all encompassing view of national security demands that the determinant of security is not just the coercive elements of state power but its comprehensive national power with the latter being a composite of many factors across all facets of national life. These factors, inclusive of leadership, if quantified, can help develop a national security index which in comparative terms could serve as an indicator of the relative security of a country vis a vis its peers. The holistic nature of national security demands that appropriate structures are in place to manage it. India is fortunate to have such structures which, of course, need revitalisation.