National Socialist Council of Nagalim-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM)

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  • Athul asked: What is the history of the use of IEDs by Northeast militant groups and which group uses the most sophisticated IEDs?

    D.P.K. Pillay replies: To know the history of the use of IEDs in the Northeast, one needs to understand the history of insurgent groups in this region. The National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) is the mother of all insurgent groups that sprang up in the Northeast in the 1950s. Nearly around the same time (the 1960s), the left-wing extremism too took roots in Naxalbari. This is where the line blurs between “East” and “North East” of India.

    The Quest for Nagalim: Fault Lines and Challenges

    The Naga quest for independence is one of the longest-running struggles in the Indian subcontinent. Despite numerous attempts made in the past towards resolving the conflict, it continues to remain elusive on account of various fault lines. The signing of a ‘Framework Agreement’ between the National Socialist Council of Nagalim–Issak and Muivah (NSCN-IM) and the Government of India in August 2015 was one such attempt. However, the views of various stakeholders remain fragmented as the details of the agreement have not been disclosed in the public domain.

    April-June 2018

    Way Forward to a final Naga Settlement

    Maximum autonomy may be accorded in ethnic, cultural and developmental realms to autonomous councils for all Naga areas in Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and even Assam, through suitable amendment to the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

    July 31, 2017

    Naga ‘Framework Agreement’ and Its Aftermath

    Naga ‘Framework Agreement’ and Its Aftermath

    Differing perceptions among the various stakeholders has emerged because the contents of the framework agreement are not in the public domain.

    September 01, 2016

    Kamaljit Singh asked: A key objective of NSCN (IM) is integration of Naga-inhabited areas of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur, which is strongly resisted by the three state governments. In which direction is the recently signed peace accord moving?

    Namrata Goswami replies: The stated position of the NSCN (IM) in the negotiations has been one of Naga sovereignty and territorial integrity. That said, over the last few years, the NSCN (IM) and the Government of India have concentrated on issues like acceptance of Naga culture, history and tradition. The recent framework agreement is a significant move by the Government of India to accept the uniqueness of Naga history and tradition.

    The Naga Peace Accord: Why Now?

    The Naga Peace Accord: Why Now?

    A resolution of one of the oldest armed ethnic conflicts in the Northeast offers a way forward to resolving many other ethnic conflicts in the region such as those involving Kukis, Meiteis, Bodos, Dimasas, Hmars, and Karbis.

    August 07, 2015

    Naga Violence: Reminiscent of ‘Wild West’

    The recent violence indicates that armed groups have not disarmed and that state forces are simply unable to keep “extortion” networks in check. While the cease-fire agreement signed in 1997 has been the harbinger of the subsequent peace talks, blatant violations of the agreement by the outfit render the framework of the talks weak and question its effectiveness and legitimacy.

    January 09, 2014

    Amit Kumar asked: What are the current demands of the Naga insurgent groups, particularly NSCN (IM), and status of talks with the Indian Government?

    Namrata Goswami replies: The current demands of the NSCN (IM) continue to be informed by their earlier demands for sovereignty and independence of Naga areas from India. While that is their stated political position, there have been underlying changes in terms of how the group has re-framed its focus from independence to greater Naga territorial unification within India. Therefore, in the latest speeches and statements by the leaders of the NSCN (IM), Naga territorial unification, which apart from Nagaland includes the hill districts of Manipur, namely, Chandel, Tamenglong, Senapati and Ukhrul; and the hill districts of Assam, along with Tirap and Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh, has become the core demand.

    The talks between the union government and the NSCN (IM) is now concentrated on finding a framework that can meet their demand without, of course, stoking political anxieties in Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. These three states are opposed to re-demarcation of their territory for fulfilling the NSCN (IM)'s agenda.

    The Naga conflict is actually witnessing certain positive changes that needs to be emphasised: first, violence levels have gone down in Naga areas; second, the cease-fire has been extended indefinitely; third, the peace talks have continued since 1997 without break; and fourth, the talks have seen involvement of not just the peace interlocutors but also the prime ministers of India, who have invested their time and energy in ensuring that a resolution framework is worked out.

    You could also refer to my IDSA publication on this issue: “The Naga Armed Conflict: Is a Resolution Finally Here?”, November 08, 2012.

    Peace Gestures in Manipur: Will it Work?

    Gestures for peace talks in Manipur by the government indicate a willingness to engage in dialogue with armed groups, which in itself is a step towards reconciliation. Equally important is to ensure that these gestures are seen as a genuine desire to engage with the real issues.

    September 23, 2013

    Nagaland: Political and Economic Assessment

    Delay in coming to an agreement between the government and the major underground outfits is only creating frustration among a large section of the Naga society as well as internecine dissentions among the various factions trying to outbid each other.

    June 10, 2013