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  • Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the China–Solomon Islands agreement? How does it benefit China when the Solomon Islands has denied any future Chinese military base?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: China’s growing influence in the South Pacific was thrust into the limelight when word leaked in March 2022 that it has negotiated a secret security agreement with the Solomon Islands, a country with which it established diplomatic ties only in 2019. Despite fervent parley by Australia and the US against this security agreement, the leader of the Solomon Islands formally announced the conclusion of this security agreement with China.

    Withdrawal of French Troops from Mali

    The French withdrawal from Mali exacerbates the regional security situation.

    June 24, 2022

    Colombo Security Conclave: Prospects for India as ‘Preferred Security Partner’

    Colombo Security Conclave, a maritime security oriented sub-regional grouping, is emerging as a promising platform through which India can demonstrate its commitment and credibility for becoming the ‘Preferred Security Partner’ for the smaller nations in the Indian Ocean Region.

    March 30, 2022

    National Security Policy of Pakistan: Acknowledging Climate and Water Stress

    Outlining Pakistan’s vision and global engagement in the context of strategic and security trends, the recently released National Security Policy of Pakistan also acknowledges a serious need for a robust water management mechanism and an inclusive climate change policy.

    March 02, 2022

    Prakrut Chauhan asked: What is the basic difference between collective defence and collective security?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: Defence is a term used for actions or set of actions undertaken by an individual, system, entity, organisation or a state to mitigate damage from an attack or a possible attack. It normally but not necessarily relates to actions against physical aggression. Nowadays virtual dimension too is added in the overarching definition of defence.

    P. Pandey asked: What is ‘human-centric security’ and ‘citizen-centric security’?

    D.P.K. Pillay replies: Essentially human security implies citizen-centric security. The origin of the concept of human security can be traced to the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 1994, which defined for the first time the scope of human security in modern times to include seven areas which are as under:

    Chirag Gupta asked: What is the difference between domain awareness and situational awareness in defence/security?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: In general, domain awareness and situational awareness both grasp very similar activities which is “knowing what is going on around us”. However, they have slightly different connotations and are not synonymous.

    Brajesh Mishra’s Legacy to National Security and Diplomacy

    As the first national security adviser of India, Brajesh Mishra’s contribution towards building a viable national security management system will always be remembered.

    September 30, 2012

    On Your Marx!

    When the Berlin Wall was brought down in 1989, followed by the subsequent disintegration of the Soviet Union, one is unsure whether Francis Fukuyama was actually singing a ditty with the ‘End of History’ as the tag line (to the tune of ‘We Are the World …’, the famous Michael Jackson song). Fukuyama celebrated his ‘free at last!’ moment by writing a book called End of History, for which he has had to apologise a few times since.

    September 2012

    PM’s address to police chiefs: A Wake up Call

    The Prime Minister’s address highlighted critical threats to internal security and expected counter-measures with the aim of refocusing the attention of the police forces on these vital issues.

    September 12, 2012

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