United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

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  • Nirav Mehta asked: How has India’s abstention from the UNSC resolution condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine impacted its position on the global stage? What are its implications for India's strategic autonomy?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: For India, the Ukraine crisis is a challenging foreign policy issue. Moscow and Washington are New Delhi's key strategic partners, and abandoning one is not sensible. Though ties between Washington and New Delhi have grown significantly in recent years, New Delhi still maintains a special and privileged friendship with Moscow. Therefore, at the United Nations (UN), India's response to the Ukraine crisis was cautious.

    Ukraine’s Nuclear Disarmament Decision and Security Assurances

    Ukraine’s security predicament in the face of the Russian military onslaught brings into focus the vacuity of big power security assurances in the absence of legally binding security guarantees and treaty commitments.

    June 10, 2022

    India’s Contribution to Global Governance of Peacekeeping

    Indian interventions on the subject of peacekeeping is a testimony to its abiding interest not only in the workings of the peacekeeping mechanism but also in the global governance of peacekeeping.

    February 17, 2022

    Ukraine Crisis and US–Russia Face-off at UN Security Council

    As the emerging Cold War theatrics and veto politics threaten to further paralyse the functioning of UNSC, the Ukraine crisis is unlikely to abate any time soon.

    February 08, 2022

    India and the Geopolitics of UNSC Permanent Membership

    The United Nations completed 75 years of its existence in 2020. The last 75 years have been a roller coaster ride for this global institution mandated to maintain peace. However, the UN has received widespread criticism for not reforming its various institutions, particularly the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The G-4 nations which includes India, have led the call for accelerating the long-awaited reform process.

    July 2021

    India’s Approach to the Afghan Crisis as President of UN Security Council

    India's emphasis on humanitarian crisis, concerns about possible misuse of Afghan territory by fringe elements, and silence on issues like how to deal with Taliban, and the prospect of India's recognition of new regime or lack of it, indicate that India's new Afghanistan policy is still in making.

    September 09, 2021

    Desharth Anshul Dwivedi asked: Will BRICS or QUAD out shadow the UNSC eventually and create alternate centres of power?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: The origin and nature of the three organisations are fundamentally different. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal bodies of the UN that was created in 1945 with a mandate for global peace, stability, development and cooperation. The UN has global commitments with the participation of countries at a global level. The UNSC is its principal agency mandated with responsibility towards international security affairs.

    Anjali Singh asked: India has not ratified the UN Refugees Convention and doesn't have a national policy either. What kind of challenges India faces in view of such a policy void?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: It is true that India is neither a party to the United Nations Refugee Convention and nor have a national refugee protection framework. However, lack of a specific legal framework does not mean that the country was in a dilemma whenever a refugee crisis arose. India dealt with multiple refugee crises and hosted refugees from several countries including Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. At present, India is host to around 300,000 refugees from more than 25 countries.

    Waiting for Godot*: India and United Nations Security Council Reform

    This article analyses the history of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reform with a particular focus on India’s aspiration and attempts to become a permanent member on the Council. The primary objectives of this historical examination are to appreciate how hard reforming the UNSC is and to understand how challenging it will be for India to acquire a permanent seat on the Council. Probing the General Assembly debates on UNSC reform, the article exposes the fundamental hurdles to change, the duplicity of the permanent five (P-5) and lack of unity among the stakeholders.

    November 2017

    UNSC Resolution 2321 and the DPRK​

    In a strong response to the nuclear warhead test of Pyongyang on September 9, 2016, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) at its 7821st meeting, held on November 30, 2016, adopted Resolution 2321 (2016)—officially known as S/RES/2321—imposing fresh sanctions on the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea). The Resolution specifically imposes restrictions on the DPRK’s exports that assist Pyongyang in generating revenue for its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.

    March 2017

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