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  • Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the ‘Global Security Initiative’, and how does it affect the Indo-Pacific & Quad?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: Chinese President Xi Jinping offered a ‘Global Security Initiative’ at the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2022, held on 21 April 2022. Under this initiative, Xi pledged to stay committed to the following six causes:

    Renu Gaur asked: IR theorists differentiate between 'alliance' and 'strategic partnership'. What is the difference and which one characterises the QUAD?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: 'Alliance' and 'strategic partnership' are two frequently used phrases in International Relations (IR). An alliance is an arrangement between two or more states to work together on mutual security issues. It can be formal or informal. Nonetheless, in an alliance, states usually are treaty-bound to assist each other in case of a threat or attack against any member.

    A Decade of US ‘Pivot to Asia’

    The Biden administration has further reinforced and strengthened US strategic priorities towards the Indo-Pacific, a decade after the ‘Pivot to Asia’ by the Obama administration.

    October 27, 2022

    Jyoti Kataria asked: What are the reasons behind below potential trade between India and Vietnam?

    Udai Bhanu Singh replies: Vietnam is a pillar of India’s Act East Policy. The relations between the two countries were upgraded to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership in 2016. The economic reform trajectory in Vietnam and India in recent times has not been dissimilar. Vietnam introduced its Doi Moi reforms in 1986 whereas India liberalised its economy in the early 1990s (accompanied by its Look East Policy, later rechristened Act East Policy).

    Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the China–Solomon Islands agreement? How does it benefit China when the Solomon Islands has denied any future Chinese military base?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: China’s growing influence in the South Pacific was thrust into the limelight when word leaked in March 2022 that it has negotiated a secret security agreement with the Solomon Islands, a country with which it established diplomatic ties only in 2019. Despite fervent parley by Australia and the US against this security agreement, the leader of the Solomon Islands formally announced the conclusion of this security agreement with China.

    The Pacific Islands and Geopolitical Jostling: Can India Play a Stabilising Role?

    India can carve a niche as a capacity-builder in helping the southern Pacific countries meet developmental goals and tackle climate change.

    September 02, 2022

    Quad’s Maritime Domain Awareness Initiative Needs Time to Deliver

    The Indo-Pacific Maritime Domain Awareness (IPMDA) Initiative aims to enhance regional maritime security via technology and training support.

    June 24, 2022

    Security and Foreign Policy Priorities of Australia’s New Labor Party Government

    The new Labor Party government in Australia is likely to show continuity on AUKUS and Quad initiatives in the Indo-Pacific, while policy approaches on Pacific Islands and China, as also on climate change, may get a re-look.

    June 15, 2022

    China’s Response to Indo-Pacific Economic Framework

    Beijing’s pushback against the Washington-backed Indo-Pacific Economic Framework is likely to result in an intense regional geo-economic competition.

    June 15, 2022

    Return of the Old Giant to Indo-Pacific

    The Indo-Pacific has evolved into a major geopolitical realm, drawing the attention of key regional and non-regional players. The announcement of AUKUS—a security partnership between Australia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US)—on 15 September 2021 has added a significant aspect to the defence arrangement within the Indo-Pacific.

    April-June 2022

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