Indian Ocean Region

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  • Vaibhav Dabas asked: What are the Chinese strategic interests in Sri Lanka and what are its implications for India?

    Gulbin Sultana replies: China under President Xi Jinping seeks to reach out to overseas markets and promote new sources of growth for its economy. Xi Jinping’s vision of a global free trade regime and open world economy includes efforts to enhance connectivity between Asian and African continents and their adjacent seas for free flow of trade.

    India–United States Maritime Collaboration

    Ensuring maritime security and freedom of navigation in the Indian Ocean and the wider Indo-Pacific region is key security imperative and one of the key objectives of India’s engagement with the US and other partners.

    April 08, 2022

    Colombo Security Conclave: Prospects for India as ‘Preferred Security Partner’

    Colombo Security Conclave, a maritime security oriented sub-regional grouping, is emerging as a promising platform through which India can demonstrate its commitment and credibility for becoming the ‘Preferred Security Partner’ for the smaller nations in the Indian Ocean Region.

    March 30, 2022

    Australia’s Strategic Imperatives in Indo-Pacific: Opportunities for India

    The Indo-Pacific construct has significantly enhanced the strategic salience of both India and Australia in a multipolar region. While the two nations have considerably deepened their strategic partnership, there is scope for much more improvement in several sectors.

    February 23, 2022

    Reciprocal Exchange of Logistics Agreement: Roadmap to India’s Strategic Access in the Arctic

    By enabling access to logistics and support facilities at each other’s bases and ports, RELOS would enhance strategic cooperation between India and Russia, and promote their future manoeuvres in the Arctic and the Indian Ocean Region.

    January 17, 2022

    India–Russia Cooperation in Indian Ocean Region, Arctic and Russian Far East

    India–Russia cooperation in the Indian Ocean and the Arctic, including the Russian Far East, could give strong thrust to their deepening engagement. However, there is a need for heavy lifting from both sides to achieve the desired potential.

    December 06, 2021

    The Sino-Indian Geopolitics and Maritime Security of the Indian Ocean Region

    The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is a prominent arena in international politics, in terms of trade, tourism, population, among other aspects. Several countries, some unconnected geographically, have shown interest in these waters. These entities offer financial, technical, infrastructural and capacity-building support, and security services to several IOR countries. India, the prominent resident power of this ocean, and others, consider this development unnecessary, uncalled for and unacceptable.

    January 2021

    Dattatreaya Nimbalkar asked: What is the strategic importance of Seychelles Island in the Indian Ocean Region and for India?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: In maritime geopolitics, the strategic salience of islands is defined by their location, which makes them vital for establishing a regional naval presence, and their proximity to sea lines of communications (SLOCs), which facilitates patrolling in the region during times of peace and conflict.

    Dattatreaya Nimbalkar asked: Why has India's ‘necklace of diamonds’ strategy in the Indian Ocean Region not been as successful compared to China's 'string of pearls’ strategy?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: At the core of this question lies conceptual confusion between key phrases used to describe strategic policies pronounced or promulgated by the government and lexicons used by strategic experts and commentators in interpreting official policies.

    Time to Leverage the Strategic Potential of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

    A focused development plan for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which provide India with a commanding geostrategic presence in the Bay of Bengal and access to South and Southeast Asia, could greatly enhance the country’s geopolitical leverage in the Indian Ocean Region.

    June 26, 2020

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