Territorial Dispute

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  • Ajeen Kumar asked: Is the sea between Andaman group of Islands and Nicobar group of Islands part of India’s territorial water in view of baselines promulgated and notified in 2009?

    Sarabjeet Singh Parmar replies:As per Article 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) every state can claim a territorial sea up to 12 nautical miles. India has submitted its baseline coordinates except for the eastern coastline of the Andaman and Nicobar Group of Islands.

    Future of India–China Boundary: Leadership Holds the Key?

    Will India and China resolve their boundary dispute during the tenure of Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping? The strategic communities in both countries are optimistic, particularly after the high tension prevailing along the border during President Xi Jinping’s tour of India in September 2014. Both Prime Minister Modi and President Xi are seen as decisive leaders.1 Both are expected to hold power in their respective countries for a few years to come. Personalities and personas matter greatly for scoring political brownie points. The boundary dispute, quintessentially, is political in nature.

    May 2015

    Border tension between Bangladesh and Myanmar

    Border tension between Bangladesh and Myanmar

    There are logical reasons for India to suitably intercede with both its neighours to facilitate an agreement on the border. A mediatory role by India may not be unwelcome by Bangladesh and Myanmar as both have friendly relations.

    August 22, 2014

    New Gambles in Ladakh

    New Gambles in Ladakh

    It all appears that the Indian army this time got clear orders to hold the ground and undo what the previous UPA government did – dismantled huts, bunkers and observation posts in exchange of PLA moving back from the Indian territory.

    September 25, 2014

    Border Standoff: Understanding Chinese Motives

    Border Standoff: Understanding Chinese Motives

    The response from the Indian side during the recent border incident was much more robust. However, it is important to examine the likely motives that drive the Chinese to raise the ante before the high-level visits to India.

    September 29, 2014

    Restoring India-China Reciprocity on the Border

    The principal opposition of the Chinese on the McMahon line is that it is illegal and a mere product of British imperialistic designs on China. Such assessments completely disregard the fact that the McMahon line is entwined with the Tibet issue – the lynchpin of China’s territorial sovereignty and party legitimacy

    June 05, 2014

    UNSC Vote on the Crimean Issue: Why did China Abstain?

    The reasons for abstention go far beyond the immediate issue at hand and are enveloped in deep Chinese strategic interests. The Chinese leadership is adamant that there can be no dilution of the concept of the principle of non-violation of the territorial integrity of nation states in the international system.

    March 21, 2014

    India-China talks: why soft border is not an option

    Soft border is neither an option nor a means to resolve the India-China border dispute. In Chinese conceptualization where borders are innately strategic frontiers, the idea of soft border is a misnomer. India should keep a distinction between the notions of soft border and boundary resolution.

    March 03, 2014

    Chinese ADIZ in East China Sea: Posers for India

    China has created a furor by announcing the creation of an Air Defence identification Zone (ADIZ) over the Senkakau/Diayou islands in East China Sea. There is now little doubt that China is displaying a muscular foreign policy and most countries in Asia would be wary of a hard response because of the growing dependence of their economies on China.

    December 02, 2013

    BDCA with China and its Implications for India

    The new architecture admittedly is a rehash of previously signed (1993, 1996, 2005 and 2012) de-escalatory measures. Most of the Clauses outline mechanisms for exchanging information, consultations about military activities and enhancing communications between border personnel and headquarters.

    October 29, 2013