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  • Russia–Ukraine Conflict and Kazakhstan

    The Russia–Ukraine conflict has put Kazakhstan’s foreign policy to a severe test. Though there are similarities between Ukraine and Kazakhstan, the NATO factor doesn’t exist in the case of the latter. In Kazakhstan’s approach to the Russia–Ukraine conflict, it is possible to discern a distinct tilt towards Russia.

    April 12, 2022

    Kazakhstan’s Quest for Arctic Trade Route

    In order to maintain a semblance of balance in its ties with its two key strategic partners, Kazakhstan would perhaps have to leverage its geo-strategic importance for both Moscow and Beijing to navigate the new Arctic route.

    January 19, 2022

    The Kazakh Unrest

    Triggered by the recent hike in auto gas prices, the current crisis in Kazakhstan appears to be an expression of the long-term frustrations of common Kazakhs with the political system.

    January 12, 2022

    Kazakhstan Takes a Significant Step Forward

    Even as Kazakhstan is making slow but steady progress towards further democratisation and openness of its political system, jostling by elites to secure their positions ahead of the ultimate exit of first President Nursultan Nazarbayev from the political scene, is set to grow.

    January 22, 2021

    To make Chabahar a ‘Game Changer’ Central Asian states need to be roped in

    India needs to rope in one or more of the Central Asian countries, preferably Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, in the Chabahar project, to fully exploit its potential.

    December 12, 2017

    Democratization Process in Kazakhstan Unfolds

    Despite the opacity of Central Asian politics, the course of political change in the region is likely to be smooth, which is also essential for peace and stability within and outside Central Asia.

    April 03, 2017

    Kazakhstan: Continuous Improvement or Stalemate in its Relations with China?

    Over the last two decades Kazakhstan has implemented foreign policies aimed at improving relations with many new geopolitical actors, as well as longstanding common partners such as Russia, on which it was formerly heavily dependent. By utilising its huge hydrocarbon production potential, Kazakhstan has managed to surpass all other Central Asian states in political and economic importance. Kazakhstan has now turned its eyes to China, seeing it as an important and powerful partner in the economic, political and security spheres.

    January 2013

    Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Visit to Kazakhstan

    Dr. Singh’s visit has led to a major thrust on cooperation in the energy sector including hydrocarbons and nuclear energy.

    April 27, 2011

    Rajesh Singh asked: In your view is Kazakhstan closer to China or Russia?

    Meena Singh Roy replies: Kazakhstan follows a "multivector" foreign policy and in recent years its relations with China have been growing. The China-Kazakh partnership is termed "strategic". Kazakhstan remains China's major political and economic partner in the post Soviet era. It is important to China not only because of its energy resources but also with regard to the Uighur question which is an important domestic concern for China. However, in my view despite these growing links with China, Russia remains closer for Kazakhstan.

    Rajesh Singh asked: Has Kazakhstan been any type of relationship with China before Soviet disintegration?

    Meena Singh Roy replies: Prior to 1990 relations between two countries were impeded by the generally bad state of Sino-Soviet relations. None of the republics could engage with any foreign country unless it was tacitly approved by Moscow. According to the oral epics of Central Asian people, particularly in case of Kazakh and Kyrgyz, traditionally the Middle Kingdom is presented as the historical enemy of the people of the Steppe and an opponent of Islam's eastward expansion. The diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and China started only after Kazakhstan's independence.