India’s Defence Expenditure: A Trend Analysis

Laxman Kumar Behera was Research Fellow at Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. Click here for detailed profile.
Pabitra Mohan Nayak is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Fakir Mohan University, Balasore.This article has been republished with minor changes. These changes do not impact the academic content of the article.
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  • September 2021

    This article examines India’s defence expenditure over the past ten years. In so doing, it provides a public finance perspective to explain the recurring resource crunch being faced by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). The article reasons that a substantial augmentation of resources for the MoD in the past has faced stiff barriers due to lack of tax buoyancy and also the political, economic and other exigencies that have led to greater public spending outside the traditional areas of expenses, including defence. It argues that the MoD needs to re-balance its expenditure, especially in areas pertaining to manpower.