India and the Geopolitics of UNSC Permanent Membership

Dr. Vinay Kaura is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Affairs and Security Studies, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Concurrently, he is an Adjunct Faculty at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany, a collaboration between the US Department of Defense and the German Ministry of Defence. He is also a non-resident scholar at the Middle East Institute, Washington DC.
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  • July 2021

    The United Nations completed 75 years of its existence in 2020. The last 75 years have been a roller coaster ride for this global institution mandated to maintain peace. However, the UN has received widespread criticism for not reforming its various institutions, particularly the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The G-4 nations which includes India, have led the call for accelerating the long-awaited reform process. This article analyses the history of the UNSC reform process with a particular focus on India’s attempts to become a permanent member to achieve its global ambitions, as well as the major hurdles along the way.