Nepal–India Cooperation in River Water Management

Hari Bansh Jha was ICCR Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi.
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  • March 2013

    There is a perception in certain quarters that Nepal was not given due share in the three major water deals between Nepal and India, namely the Kosi Agreement, the Gandak Treaty and the Mahakali Treaty. However, these projects were found to be mutually advantageous to both Nepal and India. If there was any shortcoming in the Kosi Agreement or the Gandak Treaty, it was due to the lack of experience on the part of India. As and when the need was felt, India reciprocated the Nepalese sentiments by way of making revisions in the treaty/agreement. It is a pity, however, that the positive dimensions of the water deal between Nepal and India have not been properly understood because of over-politicisation of the issue.