Europe’s Refugee Crisis

Gulshan Sachdeva

September 09, 2015

As political and military solutions to the conflicts in Syria and Afghanistan are nowhere in sight, the refugee crisis in Europe is not going to disappear in a hurry.

The Rajapakse Factor after Sri Lanka’s Parliamentary Elections

Gautam Sen

September 07, 2015

Notwithstanding the UNP victory, Rajapakse and his supporters will continue to wield substantial influence within and outside parliament.

China’s Victory Day Celebrations: Politics of War, Memory and Legitimacy

September 04, 2015

Japan is in denial mode about its role during World War II while China is attempting to gain legitimacy for its regional ambitions by leveraging the memory of its suffering in that war.

Parliamentary Elections (2015) in Sri Lanka: Explaining UNP’s success and the Challenges Ahead

September 04, 2015

It was almost certain that the United National Front for Good Governance coalition would outperform the United People’s Freedom Alliance in Sri Lanka’s parliamentary elections.

India a Credible Actor on Climate Change

Satyam Malaviya

September 03, 2015

Often criticised as an obstructionist or stubborn negotiator, India now holds considerable credibility as a leader when it comes to climate change related pledges.

Hacking + Securities Fraud = New Face of Insider Trading

Ajey Lele and Munish Sharma

September 02, 2015

Hacker groups have turned their attention to stock markets not just to disrupt operations but also to trade and make financial gains.

India-Egypt Relationship: Looking for a new Momentum

September 01, 2015

Egypt under President Gamal Abdel Nasser and India under the leadership of its first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru were the torchbearers of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). Their commitment to socialism also kept both the leaders and countries drawn towards each other.

GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched

August 31, 2015

India’s increasing investments in space for strategic purposes clearly indicates the rising relevance of space assets for the armed forces.

Radicalisation of Muslim Converts

Surya Valliappan Krishna

August 31, 2015

At the moment, the radical Muslim convert threat does appear to be limited to Europe and America where the converts are ‘less visible’.

Exchange Rate Variation in Defence Contracts

August 31, 2015

The 19th August amendment to the Defence Procurement Procedure of 2013 extends the provision of exchange rate variation to Indian vendors under all the procurement categories of capital acquisition.

How Pakistan Gains From the Cancelled NSA-Level Talks

August 28, 2015

It was not in Pakistan’s interest that the NSA meeting should take place. It is to their credit that they managed to do that by waving a red flag at the Indians through their first briefing on the planned NSA talks by mentioning their invitation to the Hurriyat leaders for a meeting in Delhi prior to the NSA talks.

Gilgit Baltistan: Province, No Province?

August 27, 2015

Chinese stakes in Gilgit Baltistan could propel Pakistan to introduce a stop gap provincial arrangement that would contain popular resistance, promote greater stability, and deflate India’s objections to CPEC.

China-Russia Naval Ties and the Balance of Maritime Power in Asia

August 27, 2015

A growing Sino-Russian-Pakistani maritime nexus in the IOR poses a challenge to India’s influence in the Indian Ocean and heralds a potential change in the Asian balance of maritime power.

Defence Offset Guidelines – A Long Overdue Tweak

August 27, 2015

The 5th August amendment to the offset guidelines exemplifies how difficult it is to let go of unnecessary controls.

Probing a Sea option for Turkmen Gas

Sanket Sudhir Kulkarni

August 27, 2015

This fresh move on the Indian Prime Minister’s part is perhaps meant to signal to Pakistan that if the latter continues with its hostilities and political rhetoric towards India, then India and other countries may consider an alternative arrangement.

Forum for India Pacific Islands Cooperation moves ahead

Bhaskar Balakrishnan

August 25, 2015

FIPIC-2 has added substantially to the package of projects and activities. This has now to be matched by delivery and implementation, which are challenging tasks for the Indian government.

Politics and the Military

N.S. Brar

August 24, 2015

A dissatisfied military is not in the interest of India which has to contend with multiple internal and external security issues. The nation at large and the political leadership must be alive to the prevailing sentiments and act appropriately.

The Abe Statement: Reading the Politics behind the 70th Anniversary of WW II

August 24, 2015

While it is Japan’s responsibility to pave the road to reconciliation, but for any meaningful progress China and South Korea must reciprocate since reconciliation is a two-way process.

Modi’s visit to UAE: Strengthening India’s Gulf link

August 24, 2015

Modi’s visit to UAE needs to be seen in the larger context of strengthening ties and further widening the scope of India’s engagement with the Gulf region.

International North-South Transport Corridor: Re-energising India’s Gateway to Eurasia

August 18, 2015

There is a conscious effort on the part of India to re-energise the INSTC. However, sustaining the momentum achieved remains a major challenge before the member countries of the North-South connectivity project.

A Setback for the Prospect of UN Security Council Reform !

August 17, 2015

Many UN member states are of the view that text-based negotiation is the best way to take the process forward. But the US, Russia and China have refused to commit themselves to this process.

Turkey, IS, US, Syria

August 14, 2015

There is a sudden and dramatic change in Turkey’s policy towards the Islamic State. What explains this change and what might be Turkey’s calculations?

Defence Research and Development: International Approaches for Analysing the Indian Programme

Ranjit Ghosh

August 14, 2015

The Occasional Paper attempts to analyse the performance of India's defence research and development machinery and especially that of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

Yemen in Meltdown: Domestic and Regional Competitions and the Destruction of Nationhood

August 12, 2015

As Yemen breaks apart and Saudi Arabia’s southern border does become a “bleeding wound”, even as jihadis unleash their toxic malevolence, the ageing king and the ambitious prince may find that they no longer have the ability, the tools or the friends to stem the haemorrhage that afflicts their kingdom.

The Naga Peace Accord: Why Now?

August 07, 2015

A resolution of one of the oldest armed ethnic conflicts in the Northeast offers a way forward to resolving many other ethnic conflicts in the region such as those involving Kukis, Meiteis, Bodos, Dimasas, Hmars, and Karbis.

JCPOA and the IAEA: Challenges Ahead

August 07, 2015

Three issues of contention have animated the debate about the role of the IAEA vis-à-vis the JCPOA. These relate to resolving concerns relating to PMD, those governing ‘anytime, anywhere access’, and the IAEA’s ability to ensure Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA.

US-Cuba Relations: From Breakdown to Breakthrough

Aakriti Sethi

August 07, 2015

The Obama administration has acknowledged that their policy on Cuba has been the most outdated one, considering it has been more than two decades since the Cold War got over. The biggest knot in their relationship has been untied, but that doesn’t spare the leaders from confronting some age-old pinpricks.

Children in Indian Maoist Ranks

August 06, 2015

At one point there were an estimated 800 children in the ranks of the Maoists. Variously known as Bal Dasta, Bal Sangh and Bal Sangham, they are used for intelligence gathering, carrying food and arms, and serving extortion notes.

The Euro-Greek Crisis

August 04, 2015

There are distressing signals that the EU led by Germany is going in the wrong direction, moving away from the vision of its founders who aspired to build a Europe of democracies based on solidarity among Europeans.

India through the Chinese Lens

August 04, 2015

How did the Chinese media portray Prime Minister Modi’s May 2015 visit? And what does that indicate about official China’s perceptions of India given that the coverage of India in the Chinese media is overwhelmingly State-controlled?

Army Should Back the State Police Not Replace Them in Counter-Terror Operations

Shashank Ranjan

August 03, 2015

Instead of exhibiting eagerness to take a leading part in every internal security task, it would be prudent for the Army to remain alert and be prepared and willing to back up the police.

70th Commemoration Anniversary of the End of WW II: Japan's New Security Legislation and the Spotlight on Its War 'Apology'

August 03, 2015

For the 70th commemoration anniversary of the end of World War II to be meaningful, Japan, China and South Korea need to jointly address the issues involved through a combination of moral responsibility and political maturity.

The Rajapakse ‘Coup’ and Upcoming Parliamentary Election in Sri Lanka

July 28, 2015

For the people of Sri Lanka the choice is clear – between de-democratisation represented by Rajapakse and his supporters, and democratisation represented by Sirisena and his political allies.

The Modi factor in Central Asia

July 24, 2015

Modi’s activism is welcomed in Central Asian countries, though they know that India has already missed the bus and it has a lot of catching up to do.

On the Threshold of a New Procurement Regime

July 23, 2015

Recommendations that defence procurement be handled by the military brass, ministers stay out of defence deals, and an external procurement agency be set up to handle procurement and focus on indigenization are indeed extraordinary.

India-US Nuclear Deal: Only Half Realised After a Decade

July 21, 2015

While the first watt of power from foreign-aided projects may take many years to come, the 10th anniversary coincides with major transformations in India’s indigenous nuclear energy programme.

Concerns About Proposed US Rules on Cybersecurity Products

July 20, 2015

While the Wassenaar Arrangement has instant recall in nuclear circles, it has only recently become a source of turmoil in cybersecurity, after the US Bureau of Industry and Security published rules that are applicable to cyber technologies.

Why India should apply for NSG membership?

July 20, 2015

An Indian application for NSG membership should face less resistance than what china had faced. Such an option is certainly worth an attempt instead of waiting indefinitely for the NSG PGs to arrive at a consensus on inviting India.

India-Pakistan Engagement: Does Ufa Have More To It Than Meets The Eye?

July 20, 2015

The new equation is that the Americans nudge India, the Chinese press Pakistan, and together they try to ensure that things don’t go out of control in South Asia.

India and the Satellite Launch Market

July 16, 2015

While India has a reliable vehicle for launching less than 2 tonne satellites into LEO, it lacks the necessary infrastructure to obtain larger commercial benefits from this capability.

Deployment of Central Forces in the North East: Need for a Realistic Security Audit

July 15, 2015

The security audit should be done in a realistic frame and may include some interlocutors and officers of the C&AG`s department given their understanding of the functioning of the state government machinery at various tiers as well as their independence of approach.

China's Preference for Border Peace and Control over Early Resolution

July 14, 2015

Even if China has not stated that it cannot settle the border question with India in the immediate future, its actions certainly hint at its preference for border peace and control over an early resolution.

China's New Security Law: Some Preliminary Observations

July 14, 2015

By extending the notion of national security to the domains of space and the earth’s poles, the Chinese government has expressed its determination to undertake every measure to safeguard interests even in areas beyond the national border.

The Euro-Greece-Crisis: What Next?

July 09, 2015

Will Europe sleepwalk into a Grexit and the attendant collapse of Euro and the European Union as it did in World War I about a hundred years ago? The answer depends mainly on Chancellor Merkel.

Deciphering China’s Submarine Deployments in the Indian Ocean Region

July 08, 2015

Indian Navy must focus fresh attention on the challenge posed by the Pakistan-China maritime nexus in the Western Indian Ocean.

Talking Heads: Modi in Ufa

July 07, 2015

Modi would find the Eurasian dynamics at odds with his vision of containing China along with the United States. He will have to display pragmatism for building greater convergence with China and Russia.

Modi’s Visit to Central Asia

July 06, 2015

To reconnect with the Eurasian market, India needs to explore the option of a direct land-link through China, i.e., reviving the traditional Ladakh-Xinjiang axis as the natural gateway to Eurasia.

How Workable will Consultants be in the Existing Framework of the Ministry of External Affairs?

July 06, 2015

There are also grey areas to the extent that the professional and hierarchical relationship which the Consultants will have with regular IFS officers is yet to be clearly outlined.

MERS: A New Virus Challenge

July 01, 2015

With increasing connectivity, the global space is shrinking. It is also bringing in its wake concerns like the spread of diseases. Incidents like MERS bring to the forefront debates about human security and how vulnerable countries are in the face of epidemics.

Recent ‘Chemical Incidents’ in France and Taiwan

June 30, 2015

While the attack on the chemical warehouse in France and the accident in the Taiwanese park are not cases of chemical terrorism in a classical sense, they can be analysed against the backdrop of a ‘chemical incident’.

Is it a Greek Tragedy or a European One?

June 29, 2015

Do the successors of Monnet have the moral strength to move in the right direction rather than act like petty minded accountants who want to balance the books at any cost?

A Tale of Two Disputes: China’s Irrationality and India’s Stakes

June 29, 2015

In China’s foreign policy setting, the logic of ‘sovereignty’ and ‘history’ are employed or applied selectively as is evident from its reservation on India’s oil exploration in the South China Sea and its own plans to implement the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor through Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir despite India’s reservations.

Why are Southeast Asians lured to fight for the Islamic State?

June 29, 2015

If the experience of the Afghan–trained mujahids is anything to go by, the threat posed by returnees from Syria and Iraq has the potential to be far more lethal especially since the numbers involved are much higher.

Indonesian Military’s Role Enlargement in Counter-Terrorism

June 24, 2015

While the Indonesian military played a crucial role in counter-terrorism since the late 1940s, the fall of Suharto in 1998 and democratisation led to the Police dominating this task, especially after the first Bali bombings in 2002. Lately, however, the Indonesian military has reclaimed part of this role, mainly due to the rising threat from the Islamic State.

21st Century Proliferation and Tracking: Tackling Arms Proliferation in the Modern Conflict Landscape

Sourabhi Mukherji

June 23, 2015

Time and again, civilian masses the world over have been at the receiving end of legions of conventional weapons systems leaving destructive direct and indirect consequences in their wake. The copious arms -and their ammunition- currently in circulation range from assault rifles, rocket launchers, anti-aircraft weapons to pistols, machine guns as well as missiles, grenades and other explosive ordnances.

Yemen’s Endless Agony

June 23, 2015

Iran has lent some support to the Houthis, but its support is not a decisive factor. The Saudis have for exaggerated Iran’s role and have in the process made it difficult for themselves to see the reality.

Adequate Empowerment of the Services and Financial Oversight Yet to be Achieved

June 23, 2015

Converting the Services` HQs as departments of the government within the scope of Allocation of Business Rules, with responsibility to Parliament for obtaining defence appropriations, may be in the long-term interests of the country.

BBIN-MVA: Pushing Regional Integration through Sub-regional Cooperation

June 19, 2015

The BBIN-MVA would enable seamless sub-regional connectivity, deeper integration on economic issues and people-to-people contact between the four counties.

John Kerry’s visit to Sochi: The new dynamics of Russia-U.S. engagement

June 11, 2015

The new contours of a Russia-U.S. engagement appear to be shaping up. There is a growing realization in the U.S. that treating Russia as an adversary can be counter-productive.

Notun Projonmo-Nayi Disha in India-Bangladesh Relations

June 11, 2015

While heralding a new era in building regional connectivity, the Modi government has taken what was a warm relationship with Bangladesh to a new high.

Ensuring Peace in the Northeast

June 11, 2015

The internal security situation in the North-eastern states is complex. It requires people with in-depth knowledge of the terrain, society, politics and culture and history of insurgency in the region to be placed in positions entrusted with the handling of affairs.

The Ambush in Manipur: New Dimensions to Militant Violence in the Northeast

June 11, 2015

Obtaining Myanmar’s help to counter covert Chinese connections with insurgent groups like the UWSA and by extension with anti-India militant groups such as the NSCN (K) is important for long term stability in the Northeast.

Ammunition for the Indian Army: C&AG Rings Alarm Bells

June 09, 2015

MoD will have to make sure that no weapon system is purchased unless an arrangement is made for sustained supply of ammunition, not necessarily through the OFB.

Controversy over Lipu-Lekh Pass: Is Nepal’s Stance Politically Motivated?

June 08, 2015

Nepal claims that the Lipu-Lekh Pass, which was mentioned in the India-China joint statement of May 15, 2015, is a disputed tri-junction in which Nepal has an equal share.

India’s Stakes and Dilemma in SCO

June 08, 2015

Joining SCO could help India get out of the current tight geopolitical spot - wedged between a wall of Pakistani hostility and fear of cooperating with China.

The Islamic State and the United States

June 08, 2015

It is difficult to figure out the basic motivation of US policy. It might be sheer inability to decide or it might be the desire to lend support to the progressive realization of the 1982 Yinon plan.

Defence Offsets: International Best Practices and Lessons for India

June 02, 2015

The Monograph provides a comprehensive roadmap for reforming India’s defence offset policy which despite having gone through several rounds of revisions in past decade or so, still lacks effectiveness. The roadmap is based on extensive study of offset practices followed by six countries: Canada, Israel, Malaysia, South Korea, Turkey and the UAE.

Decoding China’s Military Strategy White Paper: Assessing the Maritime Implications

June 02, 2015

China’s new military strategy as it applies to the Indian Ocean is not a matter of a minor shift in the balance of maritime power, but one that impacts India’s capacity and will to impose a deterrent cost.

The Nepal Earthquake: Could SAARC have been Effective?

June 02, 2015

In spite of the existence since October 2006 of a SAARC Disaster Management Centre, the Nepal earthquake brought to the fore the difficulties faced by this organization and its failure to rise to the occasion.

From Looks to Action: Thailand-India Strategic Convergence and Defence Cooperation

Sasiwan Chingchit

May 29, 2015

After 67 years of diplomatic relations and two decades of collaboration in connecting India with Southeast Asia in January of 2012, Thailand and India finally signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Defence Cooperation. This effort to deepen defence and military ties between the two countries emerged relatively late when compared with those between India and most other Southeast Asian countries.

Shangri La Dialogue: Is Indian Participation a Necessity?

May 29, 2015

India’s ministerial presence at the Shangri La Dialogue could have helped India to articulate the new government’s strategic thought and expand from the realm of military diplomacy to defence diplomacy. So, is India’s defence establishment blind to probable benefits of participating in the Dialogue or are they thinking differently?

US-Japan Security Alliance: Standing the Test of Time

May 29, 2015

The revised defence guidelines have added value to the US-Japan partnership and the fundamental shift in Japanese security policy complements the US call upon Japan to shoulder greater security responsibility as a partner.

Agenda for Modi’s Visit to Bangladesh

May 29, 2015

In the true spirit of a democracy, Modi should reach out to leaders of all major political parties in Bangladesh and convince them of India’s intention to work as a partner in progress and development.

The Rohingyas: Security Implications for ASEAN and Beyond

May 28, 2015

In the last two months, the large-scale exodus of Rohingyas towards the coastlines of Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia has been a concern not only for the region but also for the international community.

The Centre of Gravity of militancy shifts to Afghanistan

May 27, 2015

Stakeholder regional countries threatened by Islamic militancy need to get together under the umbrella of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and fight a joint war to end the menace.

‘Operation Decisive Storm’ and Changing Geopolitics in the Gulf

May 26, 2015

While both Saudi Arabia and Iran vie for power and influence, Yemenis continue to suffer and the country seems to be slipping into further instability.

Reframing the Disarmament Discourse: Can the Humanitarian Paradigm make a difference?

May 26, 2015

The 2015 NPT RevCon ended on an expected dismaying note. The only positive outcome was its endorsement of the recent initiatives to project the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, though not adopting its underlying theme - a nuclear weapons prohibition treaty.

Prime Minister Modi’s Visit to China—The Myths and Realities

May 25, 2015

As the dust settles after the visit of Prime Minister Modi to China, it is time to take a calm and dispassionate look at where we stand in the context of Sino-Indian relations.

The Death Sentence on Former President Morsi

May 25, 2015

With the death sentence pronounced on Mohammed Morsi, the first democratically elected President in Egypt’s history, it is difficult not to conclude that Egypt is moving away from a democratic destination at an accelerated pace.

Bangladesh: Hacking Free Thinking to Death

May 21, 2015

Bangladesh is slowly and surely moving towards a perilous future that threatens the foundational values on which the liberation war was fought and the state founded.

Central Asia: India’s Northern Exposure

P. Stobdan

May 20, 2015

It is time for India to reconnect with a rapidly-changing Central Asia—increasingly the focus of world attention, and rivalry among the great powers over security and energy stakes. India too has high stakes in Central Asia, and a cogent policy outlook is long overdue. Partition and the subsequent Pakistani occupation of parts of Kashmir led to a direct physical cut-off on India's northern flank.

India’s Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Effort in Nepal

Ravi Pandalai

May 18, 2015

There is widespread commitment in India for Nepal’s reconstruction. India’s provision of reconstruction assistance to Nepal must be worked out as a long term strategy.

Camp David Summit: An opportunity to build consensus

Sikandar Azam

May 14, 2015

While the Iran nuclear agreement will be the primary agenda of the summit, there are expectations that other regional issues will also be raised: the campaign against the Islamic State, removal of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, the ongoing war in Yemen and the Israel-Palestine conflict.

Modi in China: Shift the Discourse

May 14, 2015

In today’s India, the narrow nationalism, if not paranoia, built on the burden of 1962 seems only artificial. But, can Modi and Xi move beyond this burden and change the bilateral discourse? Modi needs to be metaphysical not just pragmatic.

India and Mongolia: Modi on Ashoka’s Path

May 13, 2015

Nehru fought for Mongolia’s status at the United Nation. Today, Modi’s India has greater economic strength to nurture the relationship with Mongolia.

Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping: Different yet Same?

May 13, 2015

Modi and Xi share several similarities: their rise to the top, the popular nationalism they ride, the power they wield, and their domestic as well as foreign policy priorities.

India’s Renewed Interest in Chabahar: Need to Stay the Course

May 13, 2015

India has to play a critical role in developing and thereby realising the full potential of Chabahar port which will significantly boost its image as a proactive regional power that is building such critical infrastructure not only to maximise its financial and strategic gains but also to propel regional growth and prosperity.

Defence Manufacturing: In Search of a Composite Policy Framework

May 11, 2015

It is time the MoD considered creating structures and organizations that are not an intrinsic part of the ministerial set up to implement the production and procurement policies once these are formulated by the ministry.

Modi’s China Visit – Allaying Maritime Misgivings

May 11, 2015

For better operational cooperation, India and China need to go beyond rudimentary agreements on combating piracy and crime in the Western Indian Ocean. They need to work out an acceptable framework for functional collaboration and create positive momentum in favour of greater strategic interaction.

The China Pakistan Economic Corridor and India

May 07, 2015

India has to take a call on whether it would like to be a party to the CPEC, sit on the fence, or convey its concerns more emphatically in a bid to discourage China.

Maldives Revisited

Arun Kumar Banerjee

May 06, 2015

This Occasional Paper is a brief first-hand personal account of the events, discussions, decisions and the action taken in November 1988 by the Government of India to provide help to the Government of Maldives to quell an attempted coup.

Talking About a ‘Rising China’: An Analysis of Indian Official Discourse 1996- 2012

May 06, 2015

This Occasional Paper looks at the idea of China being a potential security threat as spoken about in India's official discourse that is, as written down in annual reports or governmental statements or mentioned in the speeches of Indian officials. It does not analyse India's foreign policy, the strategic environment, or offer a new perspective on the development of bilateral security relations.

Implications of the Taliban’s 2015 Spring Offensive

May 06, 2015

Shifting the centre of gravity of fighting from their traditional strongholds in the South to the northern parts of Afghanistan in this operation is indicative of the Taliban’s shift in focus to other regions that are also in the al Qaeda’s radar.

Crisis in Yemen: Imperatives for Region and Beyond

May 05, 2015

This Issue Brief examines the various dimensions of the conflict in Yemen and analyses the conflict’s impact on the region and beyond.

Bangladesh: Mayoral Elections unable to resolve Political Deadlock

May 01, 2015

Bangladesh has moved away from the caretaker government system and the Election Commission is supposed to hold parliamentary and local elections in future. This would require a robust Election Commission that enjoys the confidence of all political parties.

Emerging Need for Nepali Ecological Task Force (ETF) Units

April 29, 2015

Nepal should raise Ecological Task Force (ETF) units to assist in tasks related to ecological reconstruction.

India should rethink its Afghan policy

April 28, 2015

India should continue to play the Afghan game but no longer by showering financial largesse but by deploying its skills of political manoeuvring.

Need to Take a More Confident View of Kabul

April 28, 2015

Fears about the Beijing-Rawalpindi axis scripting Kabul politics and thereby causing the complete marginalisation of New Delhi in the region appear far-fetched given the political dynamics of Afghanistan.

Learning from Beijing; Tackling Delhi’s Air Pollution Challenge

April 27, 2015

India and China could and should cooperate on environmental issues and specifically on clean urbanization because there is scope to develop a shared understanding of the problems and solutions.

Iran-P5+1 Lausanne Framework: Issues and Challenges

April 23, 2015

This Issue Brief looks back at the implementation of the JPOA and examines the extent to which the recent framework (JCPOA) agreed upon at Lausanne adheres to the letter and spirit of the JPOA, specifically as it relates to the pledge to treat the Iranian nuclear programme “as that of any non-nuclear state party to the NPT”.

Afghanistan and the Region

April 20, 2015

Answers to all of Afghan problems can easily be found within the regional context. But the Afghan leadership is not likely to uphold the regional choice now.

Designing Sound Defence Offset Policies

April 17, 2015

Policymakers need to ask themselves ‘What Really Makes Offsets Tick?’ in order to develop an objective framework based on sound principles repeatedly noticed in the offset regulations of ‘The Smarter Lot’ of countries and in the process avoid committing the seven ‘original sins’ that a poorly-designed offset policy may entail.

Using Temple Gold for Shoring up the Economy: Learning from Kautilya’s Arthashastra

April 17, 2015

Kautilya argues that when the treasury gets depleted, concerted efforts become necessary for its replenishment and even recommends extraordinary measures in emergency situations. But the guiding principle should be what the people consider as beneficial to themselves.

Russia’s New Military Doctrine: An Overview

April 16, 2015

The new military doctrine reflects Russia’s views on the changing geo-political order. It perceives key military risks as emanating primarily from the ‘West’ and dwells on measures to counter them.

New Twist in the MMRCA Tail

April 15, 2015

MoD will do well to set up a crack team of experts from all fields to work out the terms of the proposed IGA keeping in view the larger picture of what happens after these 36 aircraft are inducted.

Making ‘Make-in-India’ Move in Defence Production

April 08, 2015

A loosely articulated idea of making India a defence manufacturing hub cannot work unless it is backed by a comprehensive blueprint, efficient procedures, meticulous implementation, trained and responsive manpower, continuous monitoring and quick decision-making.

Ashraf Ghani: America’s New Subedar?

April 07, 2015

President Ghani has extended an open invitation to the US for an open-ended military presence in Afghanistan and has also virtually expressed a readiness to play the role of a ‘frontline state’ for any future American contingency.

The New U.S. Maritime Strategy: Seeking ‘Clarity’ in an Era of ‘Shifting Reality’

April 07, 2015

The new version of US maritime strategy candidly recognises China’s maritime expansion and territorial claims as a source of regional unrest, but stops short of recognising the A2/AD challenge even as it pronounces “all-domain access” as a strategic prerequisite.

A Cyber Wing in the National Cadet Corps

Davinder Kumar

April 06, 2015

India’s vulnerability to cyber-attacks is going to increase exponentially with the development of infrastructure and programmes such as Digital India, National Optical Fibre Network, e-Governance, e-commerce and e-Services. The NCC provides a ready resource for picking up India’s cyber warriors in the available time frame.

Is the Ceasefire Agreement in Myanmar a Step Towards Political Accommodation?

April 06, 2015

It may be an over-optimistic assessment to expect the present Thein Sein regime to achieve a substantive and comprehensive political accord in the run-up to the elections.

The Iran Nuclear Deal: An Indian Perspective

April 06, 2015

The Iran nuclear deal should not be seen in isolation. There has been a clear realisation in the West, especially in the US, that Iran needs to be brought out of international isolation and into the mainstream.

Asian Participation in the London Process

March 31, 2015

While Asia is home to the largest number of internet users on the planet, there is comparatively little contribution from the region to the discussions on cybersecurity.

Arab Spring or Islamic State – The Case of Tunisia

March 31, 2015

The recent attack on the Bardo museum and killing of foreign tourists has demonstrated that the challenge from the hardline Islamists remains.

Geo-economic Significance of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

March 30, 2015

India needs to shape the nature and scope of the projects the bank will finance to support the Asian Century and its own re-emergence as one of the two centres of gravity in Asia.

Out of Afghanistan: US Needs to Rethink its Afghan Policy

March 24, 2015

The US and other countries, including India, should open the floodgates of military and economic assistance to the Afghan state and help build the capacity and capability of its security forces and administrative machinery.

Why has the Iraqi Offensive against ISIS Stalled?

March 24, 2015

US authorities seem to be unusually reluctant to use air power to help the Iraqi authorities and their Iranian allies in the conduct of the Tikrit offensive. Why?

Political Turmoil in Maldives

March 19, 2015

Mohamed Nasheed, in alliance with the Jumhooree Party, poses a formidable challenge to the Abdullah Yameen government. Yameen is using the judiciary as a tool to crush this challenge and further his own political objectives.

Modi’s Visit will Herald a New Chapter in India-Sri Lanka Relations

March 12, 2015

Prime Minister Modi’s visit is likely to improve the atmospherics to a significant extent, introduce a positive vibe into the process of engagement and serve as a stepping stone for deepening the relationship further.

Diamer Bhasha Dam Stuck in the Funding Trap

March 03, 2015

ADB’s yet another deferment of the decision on funding the DBD is a serious setback to Pakistan’s relentless efforts to obtain funds for constructing this mega hydro-power project on River Indus.

India’s Defence Budget 2015-16

March 02, 2015

One area where the 2015-16 defence budget is likely to hurt the most is in capital acquisition, which has already been under acute pressure in recent years due to the overwhelming share of the ‘committed liabilities’ arising out of contracts already signed

Defence Budget 2015-16: The Bad, the Worse and the Good

March 02, 2015

The bad news in this year’s defence budget is that it does not recognise that things are not going in the right direction but only the beaten track. And the poor track record in fully utilising the resources allocated for ‘Modernisation’ is the worse news.

The discreet silence on the NPT

March 02, 2015

The collective silence of the guardians and the state-parties by no means signifies the NPT’s good health, especially when they continue to emphasise upon the slow pace of disarmament and enduring pressures on the non-proliferation regime.

Defence Budget 2015 -16: The Writing on the Wall

February 27, 2015

It is a fairly simple exercise to estimate what the defence budget will be given available indicators. My assessment is that the Budget Estimate for defence is likely to be around Rs. 250,000 crore, with 105,000 crore for Capital Expenditure and 145,000 Crore for Revenue Expenditure.

India’s Non-Policy on Pakistan: U-Turn to Square One

February 26, 2015

The thumb rule in making a policy U-turn is “minimise damage or maximise advantage”. What is extraordinary about the Modi government’s U-turn is that it maximises losses and minimises advantages.

Yaalon’s Visit and the India-Israel Defence Relationship

February 19, 2015

The Modi’s government determination to adopt a muscular stance on national security and its commitment to expedite defence modernisation are likely to translate into greater political and defence engagement with Israel.

India and the Convention on Supplementary Compensation

February 19, 2015

There is a general feeling among analysts that while US government lawyers may have been satisfied that the CLNDA is compatible with CSC in light of explanations offered by the Indian government, this view is being reportedly challenged by nuclear industry lawyers.

Giving Aero India 2015 a Make-in-India Touch

February 18, 2015

There is an urgent need to conceptualise a policy framework as to what Make-in-India implies so far as defence production is concerned and how it is different from the existing policy framework.

Some issues in respect of Indian’s nuclear liability law - I

February 10, 2015

While the exact nature of the understanding between the two countries is yet to be announced and in fact may never be officially released, it is possible to offer an outline of the possible “memorandum” with possible understandings on all the three liability issues as well as the administrative arrangements.

The Dependence Entrapment

February 10, 2015

India’s nuclear deal with the US is driven less by technology requirements than by the need to be integrated into the global nuclear community and gain access to uranium imports for fuelling its nuclear power expansion plans.

‘Make in India’ for Defence: A Roadmap

February 05, 2015

The ‘Make in India’ drive of Prime Minister Narendra Modi offers a way of improving the country’s self-reliance in defence production. But for the MII to succeed in the defence manufacturing sector, the government needs to address some legacy issues.

Obama’s Visit and the Paradox of Countering Chinese Expansionism and Western Messianism

February 4, 2015

The US will continue to do what it can for blocking rapprochement between India and China or Japan and China for it knows the danger of its loss of a dominant role in Asia. Despite all the distortions of time and space, the hard geographic reality of Asia will triumph just as it happened in Europe.

The Kingdom and the Caliphate: Saudi Arabia’s Approach towards the Islamic State

February 02, 2015

Saudi Arabia has joined the war against the IS and it supports more boots on the ground to tackle this challenge. Although it is employing all the options available to it, the success of anti-IS operations depends to a significant extent on the ground situation in Syria and Iraq.

The Lightning from Greece Strikes Germany

January 30, 2015

If Greece defaults and walks out, the EU will be in crisis. Speculators will go for Spain and the EU will not be able to find the money to bail out a large economy such as that of Spain.

Sheikh Hasina’s Secular Political Approach

January 23, 2015

Sheikh Hasina has to ensure that the writ of the Awami League central leadership runs throughout the country, and elements like the Chhatra League are not allowed to derail accommodative and secular policies.

Islamic State and Social Media: Ethical Challenges and Power Relations

Tuva Julie Engebrethsen Smith

January 23, 2015

The IS frequently releases graphic videos of, for instance, beheadings, on social media. Once these videos surface, an ethical debate arises about the sharing of violent imagery and how these social platforms should deal with the situation.

Rejig of Defence Budget 2014-15?

January 23, 2015

If reports about the diversion of INR 13,000 crore from the capital segment of the defence budget to the revenue heads are true, it is an indication of the growing strain on the revenue budget.

Reappraising Relations with China: From Strategic Ambiguity to Recognising Mutual Interests

January 22, 2015

It is time to see the relations between the re-emerging Asian giants less in terms of balance of power in Asia and more in terms of recognising mutual interests in shaping the Asian Century.

State versus Nations in Pakistan: Sindhi, Baloch and Pakhtun Responses to Nation Building

January 21, 2015

The present monograph traces the origins of the Pakistani state and the processes that encouraged the state-sponsored efforts to build a Pakistani nation, and seeks to isolate various problems associated with such nation-building efforts.

The Chinese Dream 2015: Which Way Is It Heading?

January 17, 2015

Xi Jinping has already recognized the inevitable by stressing that China would adjust to the ‘new normal’ of lower growth and, to ensure stability, he has already cracked down on dissent and strengthened media control measures.

Military Courts in Pakistan: A Soft Coup by the Pakistan Army?

January 14, 2015

Why is the Pakistan military pushing for Military Courts when the country already has a fairly robust Anti Terrorism Act together with designated Anti Terrorism Courts set up specifically to try terrorism related offences?

A New Era in Sri Lanka’s Politics?

January 12, 2015

Sirisena will be expected to restore both the institutional checks and balances which saw an erosion as a result of the 18th Amendment to the constitution and the faith of minorities in the pluralistic character of Sri Lankan society.

A Season of Political Protests in Bangladesh

January 12, 2015

It is not clear what kind of democracy the BNP wants to restore in alliance with the Jamaat which does not believe in democracy. But the AL needs to proceed with caution in dealing with the ongoing protests lest it comes to be seen as an autocratic government.

Did the Chinese Model of Growth Defeat Rajapaksa?

January 12, 2015

During the Rajapaksa years, Sri Lanka experienced jobless growth, similar to the experience of many African countries where Chinese investment had increased exponentially in the last decade.

Meeting the Maoist Challenge

Gurmeet Kanwal and Bibhu Prasad Routray

January 08, 2015

In the wake of the Sukma attack, it is apparent that the CPI-Maoist's weather- and surrender-induced operational frailty is a matter of the past.

SAARC Energy Agreement: A step in the right direction

Sanket Sudhir Kulkarni

January 05, 2015

Signing of the SAARC agreement is merely the first step in the process of regional energy cooperation. To make this initiative work, governments in the region need to synchronise their efforts on a range of technical, institutional and political issues.

Taking Stock of the Public-Private Partnership in Cybersecurity

December 31, 2014

Effective cybersecurity calls for a close partnership between the government in its role as custodian of the nation’s security, and the private sector, in both roles of information infrastructure provider as well as the provider of many critical services.

Of Agents and Agency Commission in Defence

December 31, 2014

It is necessary to adopt a pragmatic approach while framing a new policy that makes it simpler for individuals and firms to function as representatives of foreign and Indian companies without compromising on the need for probity in defence contracts.

Tunisia stands out

December 31, 2014

With the conclusion of the parliamentary and presidential elections, based on a constitution that finely balances the country’s Islamic heritage with the need for modernity, Tunisia has done what Egypt has failed to do.

Cybersecurity: Global, Regional and Domestic Dynamics

December 30, 2014

Governments find themselves struggling to deal with the issue of cybersecurity. Given the current state of play in cybersecurity, it is not surprising that any discussion sooner or later ends up as a confusing mix of viewpoints on fundamental rights, privacy, law enforcement, human rights, globalisation and national security, thus leading to a gridlock.

Why Bodo Violence Continues to Recur?

December 29, 2014

To prevent the recurring violence in Bodo areas, establish a land record system, improve the presence of both the state civil administration and the law enforcement agencies, and collate credible data on the flow of migrants.

Border Fencing Will Not Stop Illegal Migration

December 26, 2014

Unless fundamental factors such as vested political interests, economic compulsions and non-cooperation from Bangladesh are addressed effectively, illegal migration will continue to take place, fence or no fence.

The Islamic State’s Forays in North Africa: Libya, Tunisia and Egypt

Tuva Julie Engebrethsen Smith

December 17, 2014

The Islamic State is fast gaining support outside Iraq and Syria. Next on its agenda seems to be the North African region. However, is the ground fertile enough for the IS to find roots in Libya, Tunisia, or Egypt?

Need for Inclusive Governance Structures in the North-East

December 17, 2014

The Centre must reiterate its commitment to uphold the Constitutional provisions enshrined in Article 371, expand the scope of the Sixth Schedule, and empower the autonomous council institutions in the North-East.

LUH Acquisition Programme: Which Way is it Headed?

December 15., 2014

It is difficult to visualise how the Russian offer to make LUH in India could be actualised unless the government invokes ‘strategic considerations’ for making it in India or signs an inter-governmental agreement for that purpose.

Russia’s Military Cooperation Agreement with Pakistan: An Assessment

December 15, 2014

The military cooperation agreement between Russia and Pakistan raises two pertinent questions: What are the driving factors behind Russia’s Pakistan strategy? And should India be concerned?

Sri Lankan Presidential Elections: India’s Stance

December 15, 2014

It will be in India`s interest to adopt a neutral posture vis-à-vis the contestants in the January 2015 Sri Lankan Presidential elections.

Showcasing of PLAAF Technological Developments

December 11, 2014

The 2014 edition of the air show tried to reinforce the Chinese theme of a rising, strong and technologically advanced industrial base to the domestic constituency, international arms market and adversaries.

Status of India’s Border Trade: Strategic and Economic Significance

December 10, 2014

Border trade is trade in local products of limited value by the people residing within a few kilometres on either side of the international border. Although the contribution of border trade in India's economy is negligible, it has substantial impact on its relations with its neighbours as well as on the people living on the border.

An Analysis of the US Sale of the Patriot Missile Defence System to Saudi Arabia

Debalina Ghoshal

December 10, 2014

The PAC-3 missile defence deal is a win-win package for both the United States and Saudi Arabia in terms of both their bilateral relations and the enhancement of regional security.

An Impending Royal Death: What Next in Oman?

December 09, 2014

Sultan Qaboos once observed that “while other Gulf Arabs prefer to get on a camel and go west into the Arab desert, Omanis prefer to be on a boat and drift towards India.”

Is Russia Relevant for India?

December 08, 2014

The trust and comfort factor in the India-Russia relationship still exists. Modi needs to find more diligent ways to reboot the relationship with Russia and make it more relevant for changing times.

Resolving India’s Nuclear Liability Impasse

December 06, 2014

India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act has emerged as an appropriate template that could rekindle the nuclear energy sector while also safeguarding the public interest.

Time for India to Look At Energy Security from Geostrategic Perspective

December 05, 2014

Is India now looking at energy through the strategic prism? Its recent signing of the TAPI deal is certainly indicative of that.

The Imperative of Public Private Partnership in the Defence Aviation Industry

December 03, 2014

It is necessary to evolve a long term strategy keeping in mind all the aircraft acquisition programmes, review the factors that contribute to determining the right numbers and begin the process of building a long term partnership with the private industry.

Rajapaksa Seeking a Third Term as President: Not a Cake Walk Anymore!

December 01, 2014

If the Sinhala opposition parties, the Tamil TNA, and the Muslim parties support the common candidate, there is a possibility that they may be able to defeat Mahinda Rajapaksa. But will these political forces come together?

Eurasian Economic Union: A Preliminary Assessment

December 01., 2014

Is the Eurasian Economic Union aimed at reincarnating the Soviet Union minus the Marxist ideology? While some in Russia assert that the term “union” symbolically harkens back to the Soviet Union, many outside Russia fear that it could be so.

Let’s Partition SAARC

November 28, 2014

The time has perhaps come to restructure, even partition, SAARC to make it more effective. This is something that might also be required to be done in the likely event that Pakistan fosters the Taliban in Afghanistan.

Artillery Modernisation: Need for Firepower

November 27, 2014

Despite the lessons learnt during the Kargil conflict, where artillery firepower paved the way for victory, modernisation of the artillery continued to be neglected. The recent acquisition of 814 truck-mounted 155 mm/52-calibre guns is a step in the right direction.

Why Marine Police remains the weakest link in India’s coastal security system?

November 27, 2014

Given that marine police has been exclusively created for coastal security, it is imperative that the force is adequately strengthened and for this to happen, it is incumbent upon the respective state governments to recognize the severity of sea-borne threats.

Macchil Verdict: Reading Between the Lines

November 25, 2014

The incident raises important issues. First, the role of honours and awards in such crimes, second, the impact of punishment on the morale of troops who undertake a challenging responsibility and last, its impact on the population of the disturbed area at large.

Avro-replacement programme hits air pocket

November 25, 2014

Replacement of the Avro is an approved requirement. Scrapping the on-going process could delay acquisition of the transport aircraft by at least a year or two as it would inevitably involve revisiting the qualitative requirements (QRs) before restarting the tendering process.

Xi-Abe handshake, not yet an embrace

November 24, 2014

Escalation of tension has scarred relations between Japan and China. The fallout of this has been reflected in the trade and economic ties between the two. Stabilizing China-Japan bilateral relations is critical for peace in the East Asia and it has to be seen how this four-point agreement will translate into action.

President Obama’s Policy on Syria

November 18, 2014

This is the right time to raise a fundamental question about Obama’s policy towards Syria: Is there a coherent, consistent policy, based on a reasonably accurate assessment of the ground realities in Syria? The answer is a definite no.

Modi’s Mission Downunder

November 14, 2014

India-Australia relation is entering a new orbit and setting a path of strategic convergence. But there are equally other significant issues of cooperation that can bolster Modi’s vision for inclusive development and better governance including Australia’s successes at preserving its ecosystem, water resources distribution and renewable energy.

Modi’s Australia visit: Maritime Cooperation in Focus

November 13, 2014

The government’s ‘Act East Policy’ needs to legitimise the ‘Indo-Pacific’ concept. Interestingly, only a few months after the release of the 2013 White Paper, Australia released a Country Strategy Document on India which identified the Indian Navy as possessing the most potential for a close maritime partnership

Threat of Islamic terror looms large over Assam

November 12, 2014

The jihadi elements in Assam are making their presence very visible. Measures have been initiated to counter the menace of Islamic terror especially along the India-Bangladesh and inter-state borders following intelligence inputs indicating JMB’s plan to spread tentacles in the state.

ISIS on backfoot: Coalition gets al-Baghdadi

Sandhya Jain

November 11, 2014

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s death will be a serious setback to Daesh as it is different from Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups that did not proclaim a ‘caliphate’. As the history of Islam shows, the proclamation of a new ‘caliph’ can be problematic.

Things that Modi should do in Myanmar

November 10, 2014

The Prime Minister must reach out to Myanmar in unconventional ways and remove any antipathy among the people who once, like other neighbours, had began to perceive India as a big military threat.

Fall of the Berlin Wall: Marking 25 years

November 10, 2014

The fall of the wall also coincided with the collapse of the USSR and end of the Cold War. Theoverall changes since 1989 have been largely a remarkable success with the majority of citizens in the former socialist countries not wanting to go back to the earlier economic and political system.

“Make In India” in Defence: Embedding Industry-wide Dialogue and Consultation

November 07, 2014

For the mantra to become an all-pervasive reality in defence acquisitions in India will be to multiply manifold the onsetfrequencyrange and depthof its industry engagements.

Why India is getting Wagah all wrong

November 05, 2014

The Wagah incident is not going to wake-up Pakistan to the existential threat posed by jihadist terror groups. There is neither going to be any change in its attitude towards using terrorism as an instrument of state policy, nor its inimical attitude towards India.

Dysfunctional Operating Environment in Defence: Removing the Cobwebs

November 05, 2014

The effort to set right the operating environment has to start with creating a mechanism to review the existing devolution of power comprehensively based on clearly defined principles and not in an ad hoc manner.

Geo-strategic Implications of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

October 31, 2014

The US sees the establishment of the AIIB as an attempt by China to pull South- East Asian countries closer to its orbit and a soft-power play that promises economic benefits while refurbishing its image among its Asian neighbours.

Exchange Rate Variation in Defence Contracts in India

October 31, 2014

This Brief analyses industry demands and reviews existing regulations in IT and defence procurement markets, culminating with suggestions on a possible way forward for reforms that can avoid adverse implications of industry demands, particularly in view of their potential conflict with important policies fostering indigenisation.

Dysfunctional Operating Environment in Defence: The Malaise

October 27, 2014

There is no single agency in MoD to deal with these issues holistically. Generally, matters related to administrative powers are processed separately for each service by the administrative wings concerned with little concern for commonality.

ISIS in Central Asia

October 22, 2014

There is no single factor cited for motivating Central Asians to join ISIS ranks. However, the search for employment and earnings remain the main driver. More than 4 million migrants (Uzbeks, Tajiks and Kyrgyz) engaged in low-paid jobs in Russia are vulnerable to the jihadi network.

Dysfunctional Operating Environment in Defence: The Problem

October 21, 2014

Widespread problems have made the operating environment ‘dysfunctional and inefficient’. Some of this is on account of inscrutable issues like ‘integration of the services with the MoD’ or ‘civil-military relations’ but, in large part, the immediate problem lies with MoD’s inability to resolve more mundane issues.

North East in BCIM-EC: Problems and Prospects

October 17, 2014

Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar-Economic Corridor (BCIM-EC) is a sub-regional grouping. The North Eastern states have shown keen interest in the BCIM initiative and are exploring ways for boosting cooperation in the services sectors like health, tourism, education, and transport and communication.

India’s Defence Procurement Procedure: Assessing the Case for Review and Reforms

October 17, 2014

This Issue Brief examines certain provisions relating to intellectual property rights and transfer of technology in India’s defence procurement procedures, together with suggestions on streamlining the same for achieving enhanced procurement efficiencies in capital acquisitions.

Can ISIS be degraded and destroyed?

October 17, 2014

With the US determined not to commit troops, the military defeat of ISIS, at present, is therefore neither feasible nor imminent. Neither the so-called retrained Iraqi Army, nor US air power against this powerful and motivated force will be sufficient.

Turkey: ‘Sick Man’ of NATO

Sandhya Jain

October 17, 2014

In the West, there is growing realisation that only boots on the ground can defeat or substantially destroy the Daesh. Unless a ground force capable of taking back the territories seized by the Daesh arrives on the scene, the advantage will lie with the jihadis.

Ceasefire in Ukraine: An Assessment

October 14, 2014

While the ceasefire is a much needed respite yet it does raise two questions: What made the key players arrive at such agreements? Can these deals facilitate the initiation of a political dialogue in Ukraine?

Hong Kong Protests: What it means for the Chinese leadership?

October 10, 2014

Beijing’s desire to manage the political process in Hong Kong stems from the ‘one country two systems’ model whereby it continues to retain its influence. It will not take much time for mainland to see a foreign hand in the islanders’ pro-democracy movements.

Pakistan’s Dangerous Game of Brinkmanship

October 10, 2014

The recent heavy firing by the Pakistani army is to gain public sympathy and providing it greater flexibility in the flawed civil-military relations. It is an orchestrated plan to provoke India believing that it can take such a risk of escalation in the back drop of its effective nuclear capability.

Settling border disputes with Nepal and Bangladesh

October 10, 2014

Given that the onus for settling the border disputes with Nepal and Bangladesh is on India, the Indian government has to demonstrate political wisdom in evolving political framework that would satisfy the national interests of both India and Nepal as well as win over the domestic opposition to the LBA.

Indigenous manufacture of defence equipment needs policy reform

Davinder Kumar and Gurmeet Kanwal

October 09, 2014

The national aim should be to make India a design, development, manufacture and export hub. India must study the Chinese concepts of “leap frogging” of technology across several generations and “civilianisation” to exploit dual use technology.

Kurds sole ‘boots on ground’ against Islamic State

Sandhya Jain

October 09, 2014

Bitter last ditch battles are being fought by Kurdish men and women, including boys and girls barely out of their teens, against the Daesh. Some feel that to succeed, Washington must cooperate with the Syrian Kurds (YPG) as Kurdish fighters alone have proved willing and capable of taking on the Daesh.

Making India a Defence Manufacturing Hub

October 7, 2014

While the government is widely seen as investor-friendly, investment decisions, however, are made on more tangible considerations – ease of doing business, security of investment and intellectual property rights, and returns on investment.

Reinventing India’s “Make” Procedures for Defence Acquisitions

October 1, 2014

The Indian defence industry needs procedural clarity and simplification to be ingrained in the “Make” procedures, as the rules are presently silent on a number of important operational aspects.

Need to revive Iran-India energy ties

September 30, 2014

The possible lifting of the sanctions on Iran will lead to a rush for a share of the lucrative Iranian energy pie similar to Myanmar’s opening up last year. India cannot afford to be left behind.

Saudis join war against Islamic State; many sceptical

Sandhya Jain

September 29, 2014

The participation by the Saudi royal family in the US-led bombing of Daesh positions in Syria indicates Riyadh’s implacable opposition to the mercenary group. Iran, however, has dismissed the air strikes as a “psychological operation”, not a military one.

India and Bhutan: The Strategic Imperative

September 26, 2014

Prime Minister Narendra Modi seemed aware about the nuances that underpin India's cultural and political obligations in Asia. By making Bhutan as his first visit abroad followed by a visit to Nepal, he has effectively invoked the deeper imperatives to revitalize India's national interests.

New Gambles in Ladakh

September 25, 2014

It all appears that the Indian army this time got clear orders to hold the ground and undo what the previous UPA government did – dismantled huts, bunkers and observation posts in exchange of PLA moving back from the Indian territory.

2014 General Elections in Kashmir Valley: Incidents of Violence and its Impact

Deepshikha Hooda

September 25, 2014

The background study looks at incidence of violence in the Kashmir Valley during the 2014 parliamentary elections and the correlation of violence to voter turnout. This study also lists out various actors responsible for violence and the trends in voting patterns from different regions of the Valley.

India and China: Ready to Meet Halfway

September 22, 2014

Can the two leaders go further and recognize the regional strategic interests of each other in the Pacific and the Indian Oceans? What about full support for India’s membership of the Security with the two countries working together in that forum?

Xi’s visit and the boundary issues

September 24, 2014

In the Chinese mind the settlement of the border issue with India cannot be divorced from regional, political and larger strategic issues. China has used the threat of intrusions across the LAC, as a part of its coercive diplomacy and it is too valuable an asset to give up.

A primer on the Indian Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010

September 23, 2014

During PM Modi’s visit to US, one of the topics that is likely to be high on the agenda will be the still incomplete US-India nuclear cooperation by way of sales of nuclear reactors to India because of the Indian Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010.

PLA Asserts as Modi-Xi Jinping Talk

September 22, 2014

The military gap between Indian and China is growing steadily as the PLA is upgrading the military infrastructure in Tibet to enable rapid deployment. China will stall resolution of the territorial dispute till it is in a much stronger position.

India Mission to Mars: Ready to Orbit

September 19, 2014

The orbit insertion scheduled for September 24 will be a landmark achievement. The Mars accomplishment could assist the global efforts towards the possible human colonization of the Red Planet and would automatically increase India’s status.

Standard Contract Document - Guideline or Canon?

September 19, 2014

The SCD is a template meant for guidance of the contracting parties but is not cast in stone. Every contract does not have to be its exact replica but it is not uncommon for the contracting officials of MoD and the vendors to get embroiled in protracted discussion on the wording of some of the clauses.

Takeaways from the 2014 Floods in J&K

Septmber 17, 2014

There is a view that the armed forces must ideally not be employed for disaster management. However, repeated instances have proved that the armed forces will continue to do the heavy lifting during such situations and therefore this role should be formalised and designated in a manner that efficiency can be improved and procedural voids filled.

Strategising India’s Defence Exports

September 17, 2014

What the Strategy for Defence Export tries to achieve is to create institutional mechanisms and establish clear-cut procedures within the overall ambit of the Foreign Trade Export for facilitating arms exports through export promotion/facilitation and export regulation.

Xi’s Visit: Dawn of a New Era?

September 16, 2014

Modi should talk to Xi and seek an interim boundary solution at least by having some sort of Friendly Pillars, call them Shanti Stupas along the border (almost 500 kilometers) in the Western Sector.

India-China Relations: A Reflection

Saurabh Kumar

September 15, 2014

A determination needs to be made whether the paradigm within which India-China relations have come to be conducted is not unduly adverse to India, and therefore in need of a rejig, before proceeding further to conclude any political agreements anew, or reiterate previous understandings, during Xi Jinping’s visit.

India-China Ties: Between Personalities and Principles

September 15, 2014

President Xi Jinping’s visit to India is a new opportunity for infusing momentum in the bilateral relations. Economic dealings would be one aspect of the talks; but neither country can afford to bypass the sensitive security and strategic issues that dog their efforts to bring peace and stability.

Islamic State not invincible: Need to take Russia, China on board

Sandhya Jain

September 15, 2014

China, like Russia, suffers from domestic terrorism (the Uyghur East Turkestan Islamic Movement). Daesh leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has put China on a list of countries accused of persecuting Muslims, thus making it a target for jihad.

Strategic Significance of the India-Australia Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

September 15, 2014

As Australia and India have to deepen their security cooperation for a peaceful prosperous and stable Asia-Pacific region, both the countries will have to manage global nuclear commerce together.

Assam-Nagaland Border Violence: From Past to Present

Namrata Goswami

September 12, 2014

The Assam-Nagaland border dispute is the direct result of the lack of success of the stakeholders in transitioning historical concepts of frontiers between neighbouring ethnic groups into mutually agreed upon updated delimited administrative boundaries of the modern state.

Need to build a good coalition to combat ISIS

Rohit Pattnaik

September 09, 2014

There is a great traction amongst western countries on building up a coalition to tackle ISIS, but the big question is which countries in West Asia would be able to synchronise western goals with theirs? While the US and its NATO allies, along with France and Australia have been assisting the Kurdish peshmerga, the list of Arab countries willing to work with the West-led coalition is unclear.

Nawaz wins this round as army loses plot

September 05, 2014

If Nawaz Sharif now plays his cards well - improves governance, makes his politics more responsive and inclusive, reaches out to opposition and his constituency, doesn’t remain aloof and keeps the parliament and political parties as his back – he could well change the power equations for good.

India-Japan Relations: New Times, Renewed Expectations

September 04, 2014

The biggest takeaway for India from Prime Minister Modi’s visit is Abe’s assurance of $33.5 billion public and private investment and financing including ODA, doubling Japanese FDI and the number of companies in India over the coming five years.

Abbott and Modi’s Historic Opportunity

Septmber 04, 2014

As the Australian PM visits India, the future of the two countries relations hinges not so much on their strategic cooperation in the international sphere, as on how meaningfully can Australia help India deal with its enormous human development challenges, including poverty alleviation.

India’s Revised Defence FDI Policy

September 01, 2014

Under the earlier policy, the foreign portfolio investment in Indian defence industry was either banned, or capped at an arbitrary level for certain companies, causing a lot of dissatisfaction among several listed Indian companies which had pleaded their genuine helplessness in controlling such investments given their nature of flow.

Japan’s white paper on defence: An overview

September 01, 2014

The dominant challenges for Japan apart from China remain North Korea. The document expresses concerns on the launching of multiple ballistic missiles towards the Sea of Japan along with the possibility, for the first time, that the North Koreans may have acquired nuclear warheads.

Egypt's Uneasy Transition: Internal and External Dynamics and Challenges for India

August 29, 2014

Amidst the ‘Arab Spring’ nations, the most keenly watched and followed developments have been in Egypt. Being one of the largest Arab nations, lynchpin of peace treaty with Israel, key US ally and a nation of potent and modern armed forces, Egypt deserved the attention. And so, the success or otherwise of the Arab revolutions hinged on the success or failure in Egypt. However the transition in Egypt has been far from smooth so far.

An enigma called defence technology fund

August 27, 2014

There has been much speculation since 2011 about who is going to manage the proposed fund, how is it to be different from the already existing technology related heads in the defence budget, and how will the amount set aside for the purpose be utilized.

National Security Decision Making: Overhaul Needed

August 26, 2014

A sub-committee of the CCS must devote time and effort to make substantive recommendations to improve the structures for higher defence management, defence research and development, self-reliance in defence production and the improvement of civil-military relations.

Ukraine: where is it going?

August 25, 2014

It is possible, if there is political will, to find a negotiated settlement on the basis of a new constitution giving greater say to regions in foreign policy. In brief, the US should agree to a sort of Finlandization of Ukraine.

Déjà vu in Pakistan: Army overpowers Nawaz

August 08, 2014

The army has quite patiently allowed Imran and Qadri to carry on with their protests and create a political condition unfavourable enough for Nawaz Sharif to approach the army for help. Thus like in 1993, Nawaz is feeling the heat even if the opposition is not united in their effort to dislodge his government.

Border tension between Bangladesh and Myanmar

August 22, 2014

There are logical reasons for India to suitably intercede with both its neighours to facilitate an agreement on the border. A mediatory role by India may not be unwelcome by Bangladesh and Myanmar as both have friendly relations.

Failed India-Pakistan dialogue: Reworking policies

August 22, 2014

In the short-term India needs to let the internal situation within Pakistan play itself out and see what emerges from the standoff. There is no doubt that Pakistan will have to be engaged but terms and manner will be dictated by the prevailing political and economic scenario in India, Afghanistan and the region including India-China relations.

Examining the Assam-Nagaland Border Crisis

August 21, 2014

These repeated incidents of border trouble and deaths bring into sharp focus the lack of serious border law enforcement. It is, therefore, critical that we do four important policy interventions fast.

1st US-Africa Leaders Summit: A New Chapter in the US-Africa Relations

Aakriti Sethi

August 20, 2014

The summit is seen as one of the major initiatives of the Obama administration towards the African continent and being the first US President to hold the largest event with the African head of states and governments.

Delimitation of Indo-Bangladesh Maritime Boundary

August 19, 2014

In a recent judgment, the UN Tribunal has delineated the maritime boundary line between India and Bangladesh in the territorial sea, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf within and beyond 200 nautical miles (nm). Both the countries are pleased and hope to consolidate further their relationship.

The Return of the Americans to Iraq

August 19, 2014

The decision to commit US military power has been camouflaged in suitably humanitarian terms to give the impression that it was an effort designed to ‘protect’ the fleeing Yazidis and other minority groups. 

Pakistan: Under the Shadow of the Military Jackboot

August 19, 2014

The military has ridden roughshod over Pakistan’s polity for most of the country’s history since its independence. The Pakistani army, once described as a ‘state within a state’, is now being viewed by many as the state. In fact, the army and the ISI (the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate) together form the ‘deep state’.

Sifting Through the Himalayas

August 14, 2014

Prime Minister Modi has to think beyond the immediate circle and leverage the Himalayas as a bridge for India reaching out to wider Eurasian space the access to which has blocked by Pakistan. A way out could be to promote a regional market across the border, woven by a web of spiritual and commercial interests.

Indo-US Cooperation in Defence Production: Hagel’s visit to India

August 13, 2014

There now seems to be greater recognition of India’s concerns on transfer of technology and not just about co-production but also co-development of next generation weapons. The larger objective for India, however, must be to reduce its dependence on import of foreign equipment and modernize its armed forces in the quickest possible timeframe.

Ebola virus: Public health a big challenge

August 11, 2014

The death toll from the Ebola virus in West Africa is a serious health concern for the world. There are around 45,000 Indians staying in the region infected by the virus and the real ‘test’ will be whether the government will allow infected Indians back into the country.

Competitive politics over illegal migration from Bangladesh

Aug 08, 2014

Realising the electoral significance of the issue the Congress seems to be engaging in a competitive politics with the BJP by talking of giving citizenship to even those migrants who came to India after 1971 but were persecuted in Bangladesh.

Beijing’s APEC Call on India: A New Twist in India-China Power Politics?

August 05, 2014

While India needs to vigorously pursue its endeavour for APEC membership, it is crucial for the policymakers to comprehend the geo-political allusions of this Chinese invitation, which is linked with India-China ties as well as their balance-of-power politics in Asia-Pacific.

Is Russian ready to face the Afghan fallouts?

August 05, 2014

Russia seems both happy as well as worried about US withdrawal from Afghanistan. Concerns about Central Asian security apart, now with the sectarian strife in West Asia flaring up, the Russian anxieties would heighten about possible spread of ISIS type assertion along its southern belt.

Post-Crimea: Central Asian Fear Putin’s Stick

August 04, 2014

There is a growing sense that Putin, after what he did to Crimea, has prepared a fine blueprint for similar intervention in Central Asian states should it become a necessary case for protecting Russian interests in these countries.

Is Putin Gearing Up for Intervening in Asia Next?

August 01, 2014

In a three part series the author analyses Russia's strategic play. In this first part, the recently held military "snap inspection" drill by Russia involving 65,000 troops is examined and significantly the intent and purpose behind it.

Indian Army’s Modernisation Plans: Call for Pragmatism

July 31, 2014

The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence’s figures reveals that the army's equipment modernisation is steadily falling. In 2008-09, the army spent 27 paisa of every rupee on capital expenditure. This fell to 24 paisa in 2009-10; 23 paisa in 2010-11; 20 paisa in 2012-13 and just 18 paisa in the last two years. Resultantly the army’s ambitious plans to transform from a ‘threat-based to a capability force’ by 2020 are being consistently thwarted.

ZARB-e-AZB: Phony War or Paradigm Shift

July 31, 2014

For all the grandstanding by the Pakistan army and the civilian government that Op Zarb-e-Azb was going to be against all kinds of terror groups based in NWA, no such thing seems to be happening. Clearly, this operation has been launched keeping an eye on the post-2014 situation in Afghanistan.

Ballot Box Distress and Future of Afghanistan

Smruti S Pattanaik and Akriti Vasudeva

July 30, 2014

The recently concluded Afghan Presidential election, rather than facilitating crucial political transition, is mired in controversy. An early resolution is crucial both for Afghanistan and the international community. For Afghanistan, a peaceful and non-controversial transition would ensure the legitimacy of the upcoming government and push the twin processes of reconciliation and democratization forward.

Total Recount in Afghanistan: What Next?

July 26, 2014

As all the votes cast in the run-off election are audited and recounted under international supervision, the final outcome could be a close finish with winning candidate leading by a much narrow margin. However, the America-brokered agreement might open up several larger issues with huge social, political and security implications for Afghanistan. The process of constitutional amendment can only be initiated after the new parliament is formed in 2015. The country is likely to remain in a state of transition, perhaps for several years to come.

United States Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

July 22, 2014

Democracies of the world have many similarities, notwithstanding the differences in the system of governance and the governmental structure. The decision making by the Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) and the government of the United States and India face similar challenges regardless of the threat perception and the role, size and the employment of the military.

Avro-replacement Programme – Out of Turbulence?

July 23, 2014

The IAF must be rueing the day it agreed to tweak the proposed categorization of the proposal from Buy (Global) to Buy and Make. Since then the programme has been through a lot of turbulence.

Sixth BRICS Summit: A step towards more equitable global order?

July 22, 2014

The Declaration pushes for a more equitable norm and the New Development Bank is an interesting outcome. The initial subscribed capital of $50 billion dollars and the responsibilities of the functioning are to be shared equally among the founding members of the bank. While China will host the headquarters, the regional centre will be located in South Africa; similarly the first President of the Bank will be from India, the First Board of Governors from Russia and the first chair of Board of Directors from Brazil.

India-Brazil Relations

Priya Saxena

July 21, 2014

The basis for the development of ties between India and Brazil rests on trade and commerce. The regional powerhouses share a relationship that is gradual and progressive. However, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Brazil for the BRICS Summit can give a fillip to their bilateral association.

Gaza: What Does Israel Want?

July 21, 2014

Israel argues that the Hamas does not recognize its existence, which, up to a point, is technically correct. But, a moment of reflection will show that recognition is exchanged only between states and that since Israel has prevented the emergence of an independent Palestine, it has no right to expect recognition from the other side.

British Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

July 21, 2014

All is not right with the Indian Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) became public knowledge, perhaps for the first time, after the Kargil War in 1999. There have been significant changes in the geo-strategic situation and the nature of threat faced by India over the years and yet little has changed in the higher defence management and the HDO of the country.

Reviewing Defence Offset Guidelines: A Recap

July 17, 2014

The Guidelines of 2012 have been under review for some time. While a drastic shift in the policy is unlikely, some changes in the policy, clarity about some of the existing provisions and simplification of the procedure seem necessary to make the policy work better.

China’s Maritime Silk Route: Implications for India

July 16, 2014

China’s announcement of a 10 billion Yuan ($1.6 billion) fund to finance the “maritime silk road plan” is a clear sign that it is serious about moving ahead with its stated plans. For India, it is instructive that the sales pitch of shared economic gains does not conceal the MSR’s real purpose: ensuring the security of sea lines of communications (SLOCs) in the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Iraq crisis: Lessons for India

Manish Vaid & Tushar Shah

July 16, 2014

Given India’s vulnerability to a rise in global crude oil prices as a result of its 75-80 per cent of its crude import dependency, the Iraq crisis could widen its current account deficit, while putting pressure on exchange rate, impeding government’s fiscal consolidation goal and putting off any nudge on interest rates by the Reserve Bank of India.

Current Issues in Climate Change

July 16, 2014

The problems caused by climate change have been recognised as one of the greatest concern of this century. The subject is futuristic, relevant and multi-disciplinary with many stakeholders. The matter encompasses not only the health of the planet itself, but also that of nations and individuals.

Synergising Quality Assurance for Speedy Defence Procurement and Ensuring Quality

Mahendra Prasad

July 15, 2014

The Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) is the organisation that is responsible for ensuring the quality of a wide range of military hardware at the time of their procurement. This is a very old organisation and has evolved over a period of time to meet the aspirations of its customers.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization and India

July 14, 2014

Over the years, the scope of SCO has widened to include the interests of countries beyond the Eurasian space. For India to capitalise on the SCO it must have a clear pro-active policy, otherwise it may risk becoming a focal point of criticism by the Central Asia states like the way India is often targeted by the SAARC members.

Defence Budget 2014-15

G. Balachandran & Vinay Kaushal

July 11, 2014

While the Finance Minister’s budget speech struck the right chords, a closer examination of the 2014-15 budget, and its comparison with the 2014-15 interim budget, shows certain anomalies which are difficult to reconcile with some of the earlier statements made by the minister in his capacity as the defence minister.

BRICS: An Effective Multilateral Forum in a Multi-polar International Order

July 11, 2014

Brazil will hold the 6th BRICS Summit of Heads of State and the Governments of BRICS from 15 July 2014 to 16 July 2014. It is a coalition of emerging economies providing alternative ideas of global governance.

Takeaways for Defence in the Union Budget 2014-15

July 11, 2014

There are speculations whether the present budget is sufficient to meet expenditure on big ticket items but one has to bear in mind that it is only the advance payment – generally 15% of the contract value – that becomes payable on signing of a new contract. Even if new contracts are signed for say INR 50,000 crore, MoD will require just about INR 7,500 crore for those schemes.

Nigeria’s Boko Haram

July 10, 2014

Boko Haram has recently emerged as one of the deadliest and most brutal terrorist groups with links to the global jihadi movement. The group is grounded in a region where it can tap into ethnic ties and take advantage of weak security environment, generic condition of lawlessness and socio-economic marginalization.

NYT editorial on India’s nuclear policy: A case of inaccurate portrayal and propaganda

July 07, 2014

The editorial also intrinsically marks the return of the 'pro-Pakistan' lobby in the US non-proliferation community, and the American media, which was culpable in encouraging the many indulgences of the Pakistani military and nuclear establishment for many decades and facilitating favourable non-proliferation policies for Pakistan to effectively pursue a clandestine nuclear programme with technological aid from Western companies.

US Military Departure from Manas: Stirring a New Game in Central Asia

July 07, 2014

The author recounts his memories of the US military base at Manas International Airport in Bishkek, which was the hub for onward movement of about 15,000 troops and 500 tons of cargo a month to and from Afghanistan. The folding of the US base has not only put an end to the US-Central Asia saga but in effect the US overseas military presence is now retracted to the line of its power limits in Europe.

Is Iraq imploding?

July 07, 2014

The government in Baghdad has lost control over a stretch of territory to ISIL. It follows that Iraq is at present inexorably moving towards dissolution. In any case, it will be a difficult if not impossible task to recover in full the territory under the ISIL and its associates.

The McMahon Line: A hundred years on

July 03, 2014

On 3rd July 1914 nearly a hundred years ago at Simla, Tibet and India signed the Simla Convention that gave birth to the McMahon Line separating Tibet from India in the eastern sector. Much is made by some that the Simla Convention was not a legal document but from the time of the Convention till 23rd January 1959, the Chinese government never officially, in any document, ever challenged the McMahon Line.

Sri Lankan perceptions of the Modi government

Gulbin Sultana

July 01, 2014

There is no one nationalist Sri Lankan view. Among the Sinhalas, there are also the liberals who are quite realistic about their assessments and would argue that there may be a change in leadership in India, but the cornerstone of India’s policy vis-à-vis Sri Lanka will remain the same. The Tamils, on the other hand, are unanimous in their view that India can and should play a major role in bringing meaningful political reconciliation to the country.

Takeaways from Defence Minister’s address at Naval Commanders’ Conference

Amit Cowshish

July 01, 2014

The Defence Minister made two significant points: one, the need for making a significant amount of the nation’s resources available for defence and two, he talked about the slow pace of acquisition of defence equipment as the key concern. These are unexceptional statements of intent and the challenge would be to meet these objectives.

Sushma Swaraj’s visit to Bangladesh: A new beginning?

June 30, 2014

While the visit was proposed as a good will visit, some of the issues that have been bedeviling bilateral relations came up for discussion particularly, from the Bangladesh side, the conclusion of Teesta and the ratification of the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA). The EAM assured Dhaka that New Delhi would conclude the LBA and is already in the process of building a consensus on Teesta.

Why Non-Alignment has greater relevance in Modi’s India

Abanti Bhattacharya

June 29, 2014

The global thrust on economic integration has certainly accrued greater space to India that the non-alignment actually stands for. It allows India to reach out to both the US and China without fear of taking sides and draw in the benefits from both of manufacturing, investments, trade and commerce.

FDI in Defence - Revisiting the Conundrum

June 26, 2014

The proposal to relax the present cap on FDI in defence has expectedly drawn sharp reactions. Those who oppose argue that higher FDI is not required and, more importantly, it will not be in national interest, not the least because it will stymie the process of indigenization. This calls for a dispassionate analysis.

Threat of Israel's Regional Isolation and Imperatives for the Future


Surrounded by hostile neighbours, Israel has been overly conscious of its national security interests, a concern which has shaped its regional strategy right from its birth in 1948. It needs to evolve a dynamic regional strategy in tune with the changing regional dynamics or else could end up being more isolated in the region.

Kashmir: Finding Lasting Peace

June 26, 2014

India continues its elusive search for peace in Jammu and Kashmir(J&K), in the face of Pakistan’s proxy war and dissatisfaction among some sections of the youth in Kashmir Valley.

Revisiting India’s Nuclear Doctrine

June 20, 2014

In principle there is nothing wrong in revisiting the doctrine but such revisions/reviews must be based on sound and valid reasons. The proponents of the doctrinal review argue that India’s existing doctrine is ill-suited to deter Pakistan from using tactical nuclear weapons against India.

China’s Second Coast: Implications for Northeast India

June 19, 2014

Myanmar’s 2,276 km long coastline in the Bay of Bengal has the potential to provide the ‘second coast’ to China to reach the Indian Ocean and achieve strategic presence in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Especially transportation logistics to the ‘second coast’ from landlocked south west Chinese provinces like Yunnan have both economic and strategic benefits

Modi’s Maiden Foreign Visit: Consolidating Bharat for Bhutan Relations

June 18, 2014

Modi’s visit to Bhutan is politically significant. After inviting SAARC leaders to his swearing in ceremony; his choice of Bhutan as the first country came as no surprise. Bhutan is also the only country where the bilateral relationship is free from tension and expectations from each other are also easy to attain.

India-Sri Lanka Fishermen Problem: Some Solutions

June 18, 2014

New Delhi should work out an arrangement with the Rajapakse government wherein the rights of both the countries’ fishermen are protected within the respective territorial jurisdiction. If this is not done, the welfare of the Sri Lankan Tamils, which different governments of India have endeavoured to promote as part of a decided long-term policy, will be compromised.

Rescue Pakistan chorus is back again

Sushant Sareen

June 18, 2014

Before India once again goes down the path of wondering how it can rescue Pakistan from itself, some home truths about Pakistan – the state and society – need to be understood. The single most important home truth is that Pakistan's hatred for India far outweighs any fear or concern or even loathing it may have about the terrorism and extremism that the Taliban have come to stand for.

Indian Mujahideen Arrests: Lessons Learnt and Future Directions

June 06, 2014

The arrests of the key Indian Mujahideen operatives has come as a major breakthrough in the fight against terrorism; however, there are a few causes of concern - such as lack of inter-agency coordination, growing radicalization in the society and the potential resurgence of the IM - that the government needs to urgently address.

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