This workshop is being held in the framework of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of 1540 to both better understand the resolution’s implementation and to identify effective practices for the implementation of the resolution going forward. The primary participants in the event will be members of civil society who have identified effective practices. The audience will also include officials positioned to adopt or enact these effective practices. The event is hosted by the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, Institute for Strategic Studies, King’s College London (Project Alpha) and the UN Office of Disarmament affairs.
When the UN Security Council adopted resolution 1540 on 28 April 2004, expectations for its effective implementation were low. The resolution was intended to assist those States that were willing to support the goals of the resolution but which lacked the legal basis through which to do so. The UNSCR 1540 Committee was set up to help Member States, and other stakeholders, to implement the resolution. The UN Security Council subsequently extended the mandate of the 1540 Committee three times. Most recently, on April 2011, the mandate of the committee was extended for a period of ten years to 2021. The key challenges to overcome during this longer mandate are those surrounding effective implementation of the resolutions requirements.
UNSCR 1540 has many achievements to its credit. In the decade since 1540’s adoption, progress has been realised in expanding the geographical coverage of certain elements of the resolutions requirements and in improving the level of implementation in individual states. Under the auspices of UNSCR 1540 the legislative framework of numerous countries has been improved. Countries such as Malaysia have, for the first time, adopted trade control acts while many others have improved specific aspects of their legal system.
The UNSCR 1540 committee has been instrumental in enabling the improved legal adherence to the resolution’s requirements. Through its work the 1540 Committee has also helped to establish 1540 as a framework for cooperation amongst States, civil society and non-state actors alike in ensuring that the balance between security and prosperity is maintained. Several member countries spread over different geographical regions have received technical assistance to create or strengthen national control and security structures. For this purpose, the Committee and member states have involved relevant international, regional and sub-regional organizations.
However, the success of UNSCR 1540 as an instrument to strengthen legal frameworks has led directly to a new need for the implementation of national legislation to be improved. The adoption of laws cannot alone deliver upon the objectives of 1540. The challenge for the international community, therefore, in the second decade since the resolution’s adoption is to match the improvements in legal basis with improvements in implementation. It is in this context that there is a need to identify effective practices.
09.30-10.30: Inaugural Session
Chair: Arvind Gupta
10.45-11.00 Tea/Coffee Break
11.00-12:15 Session I: An Overview of a Decade of Existence of the UNSCR 1540 from Regional Perspectives: What progress has been realized and what still needs to be done.
Chair: Matthew Harries
12.15 –13:30 Session II: An Overview of a Decade of Existence of the UNSCR 1540 from Regional Perspectives: What progress has been realized and what still needs to be done.
Chair: Ochieng Adala
14.30-16:00 Session III: Effective Practices in the Licensing Process: Lessons on Implementation
Chair: G Balachandran
16.00-16.15 Tea/Coffee Break
16:15-17:30 Session IV: Enforcement: Challenges Ahead
Chair: D P Dash
17:30-18:00 Review of Effective Practices Identified on Day One.
09:30-11:00 Session V: Industry Engagement
Chair: Michael Aho
11:00-11.15 Tea/Coffee Break
11:15-12:45 Session VI: Effective Practices in Coordination: A Role of NGO’s
Chair: C Uday Bhaskar
13:30-15:00 Session VII: Effective Practices and Intangible Controls
Chair: Prof. Wyn Bowen
15:00-15:15 Tea/Coffee Break
15:15-16:30 Session VIII: Identification of Effective Practices Next Steps
Chair: B M Gokhale
16:30-17:00 Closing Session
Chair: Arvind Gupta